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  1. TEXTBOOKS - 1 item
    1.  

      Many of the texts below are available as an online resource via Brunel Library Services (please refer to the link to the 'Reading List' on Blackboard Learn). 

       

       

      Be aware that the fast-moving nature of IP law means that books can go, at least partially, out of date very quickly. Make sure that what you are reading hasn't been superseded by new case law by cross-referencing to the reading list for each lecture below.

  2. Essential Textbooks 3 items
    1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

      Book Core (purchase required)

    2. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

      Book Essential reading

    3. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

      Book Essential reading

  3. Other Recommended Textbooks 3 items
    1. Intellectual property - David I. Bainbridge 2018

      Book Recommended reading

    2. Holyoak and Torremans intellectual property law - Paul Torremans 2016

      Book Recommended reading

    3. Contemporary intellectual property: law and policy - Charlotte Waelde, Abbe E. L. Brown, Smita Kheria, Jane Cornwell 2016

      Book Recommended reading

  4. Intellectual Property Statute Book 1 item
    1. Blackstone's statutes on intellectual property 2018

      Book Essential reading *Students are allowed to bring an unannotated version of the statute book into the examination

  5. Practitioners Handbooks/Training Manuals 7 items
    1. European Patents Handbook (CIPA)

      Webpage Recommended reading 'An official handbook from the Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys, the European Patents Handbook is your definitive guide to patents, with practical assistance for handling every aspect of European patent procedures. This essential reference: * Discusses all aspects of a patent from the application process to the granting of a patent * Shows you how to handle national patents resulting from European patent applications * Looks at areas of dispute in patent law * Introduces new areas of development which have arisen within patent law * Examines the special procedures required for biotechnical and microbiological inventions * Analyses the key decisions of the EPO Board of Appeals and the consequences for patent law practice * Evaluates the difference between a European patent, and national patents and applications. Written from a practitioners perspective. Incorporates fully revised and updated information that takes into account EPC 2000'

    2. European Patents Sourcefinder - Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys November 14, 1988 (Ring-bound)

      Book Recommended reading ‘An essential element of successfully handling European patents is locating and accessing the vast amount of material emanating from the European Patent Office, national courts and patent offices. The European Patents Sourcefinder has been designed for exactly this purpose. It contains over 2,000 fully indexed references, with summaries, as well as the most important material with a bearing on European Patent Convention Law, practice and procedure.’

    3. Patent Co-Operation Treaty Handbook - Colin Jones, Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys November 25, 1997 (Ring-bound)

      Book Recommended reading ‘This Handbook provides detailed coverage of the procedures for international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty, plus the general principle of national stages. It includes introductory background material on the PCT, putting it into context in the overall picture of patent practice and assessing the commercial value of the procedure. The individual stages of the international applications, such as representation, filing the application, processing the application and the search are discussed in detail, with guidance on the best strategies to adopt. Other topics covered include documentation, fees and time limits.’

    4. A guide to the EPC 2000: a practitioner's guide to the new law - Nick Fox 2010

      Book Recommended reading ‘This convenient guide, written by Nicholas Fox and published by the Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys, aims to help practitioners find their way around the law. It contains an extensively annotated and cross-referenced copy of the revised Convention and Implementing Regulations, as well as the Rules Relating to Fees, the Protocol on Jurisdiction and the London Agreement. Articles and their most relevant rules are printed together to enable them to be read in context. Practical commentaries highlight the major changes, illustrating how the articles and rules interact in practice.’

    5. Inside intellectual property: best practice in intellectual property law, management, and strategy - Michael Jewess 2013

      Book Recommended reading ‘This management text, written by Michael Jewess and published by the Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys, seeks to help intellectual property law practitioners relate law and legal practice to their clients’ business objectives. It is written for insiders by an insider who believes that the devil is often in the detail of which an outsider is unaware. Effecting a grand strategy may often depend on the details of a law, on the details of claim and agreement drafting, and even on what boxes (“fields”) are available on computer screens. A consequence of this perspective is, it is hoped, that the book will be of immediate practical value to practitioners, building on what they already know rather than imposing some external philosophy with unnecessary novel concepts.’

    6. Study guide to the Patents Acts - Doug Ealey, Chartered Institute of Patent Agents (London, England) 2014

      Book Recommended reading ‘Doug Ealey’s Study Guide to the Patents Acts sets out to achieve the opposite of such books as Visser and Hoekstra. Rather than provide exhaustive commentary on patent law for reference during the open book EQEs, it instead simplifies the law and commentary as far as possible to provide a bare-bones reference that can be readily learnt by students taking the closed-book UK finals. The 2014 edition has significant updates to approximately ten sections of law in the UK Patents Act and the designs sections, and smaller but significant updates to a similar number of other sections. There has also been a significant update of the European section in general.'

    7. The annotated European patent convention - Derk Visser 15 November 2017

      Book Recommended reading The twenty-first edition of The Annotated European Patent Convention gives the complete text of the European Patent Convention 2000 and its implementing regulations. The notes provide a commentary on the text of the law and explain the interpretation of each paragraph of the law. The notes relate to the text of the EPC 2000 and are updated till 15 November 2013. Announced amendments of the law that enter into force up to November 2014 have also been included.’

  6. CIPA Guide to the Patents Act (8th edn) – Electronic Resource. 0 items
    . Only available on Campus or when logged in. https://login.westlaw.co.uk/maf/wluk/app/tocectory?crumbaction= reset&stnew=true&crumblabel= Books&sttype=stdtemplate&ao=o.I204930404EEC11DF9311B123160301C2&ndd=2 &entityID=https://idp.brunel.ac.uk/entity
  7. Guidelines and Institution Manuals 7 items
    1. Patents: Manual of Patent Practice - GOV.UK - Intellectual Property Office Updated 1017

      Document Recommended reading

    2. Examining patent applications for biotechnological inventions - GOV.UK - Intellectual Property Office Updated 2016

      Document Recommended reading

    3. Examining patent applications for medical inventions - GOV.UK - Intellectual Property Office 2016

      Document Recommended reading

  8. Additional Reference Material 18 items
    This material may provide a useful reference point and will be referred to in the weekly reading below where necessary.
    1. Global issues in patent law - Martin J. Adelman 2011

      Book Recommended reading

    2. Intellectual property: omnipresent, distracting, irrelevant? - W. R. Cornish 2004

      Book Recommended reading

    3. Trade dress and design law - Graeme B. Dinwoodie, Mark D. Janis c2010

      Book Recommended reading

    4. Information feudalism: who owns the knowledge economy? - Peter Drahos, John Braithwaite 2003

      Book Recommended reading

    5. Intellectual property and theories of justice - Axel Gosseries, Alain Marciano, Alain Strowel 2008 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended reading

    6. Intellectual property and human rights 2013

      Book Recommended reading

    7. The economic structure of intellectual property law - William M. Landes, Richard A. Posner 2003

      Book Recommended reading

    8. European patent law: towards a uniform interpretation - Stefan Luginbühl, Molengraaff Instituut voor Privaatrecht. Centrum voor Intellectueel Eigendomsrecht c2011 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended reading

    9. Terrell on the law of patents - Thomas Terrell 2016 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended reading

    10. Community design law: principles and practice - David C. Musker 2002

      Book Recommended reading

    11. Intellectual property law - Helen E. Norman 2014

      Book Recommended reading

    12. The requirement for invention in patent law - Justine Pila 2010

      Book Recommended reading

    13. EU intellectual property law and policy - Catherine Seville 2016

      Book Recommended reading

    14. European Union design law: a practitioners' guide - David Stone 2016

      Book Recommended reading

    15. Design law: European Union and United States of America - Uma Suthersanen 2010

      Book Recommended reading

  9. LAW REPORTS AND LAW REVIEWS 12 items
    As well as the general law reports, there are a number of specialist intellectual property law reports, many of which are available on WESTLAW and LEXISNEXIS. Also, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the General Court (GC) are responsible for many important intellectual property decisions which are reported in the general European Court Reports (ECR) series.
    1. Sepcialist Law Reports 6 items
    2. Main Intellectual Property Law Journals 6 items
      1. European intellectual property review

        Journal Recommended reading Useful for comments on the case law

      2. Intellectual property quarterly - Intellectual Property Institute

        Journal Recommended reading

  10. USEFUL WEBSITES 11 items
    1. The UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO)

      Webpage Recommended reading Body responsible for IP in the UK

    2. European Patent Office (EPO)

      Website Recommended reading The EPO provides a uniform application procedure for individual inventors and companies seeking patent protection in its European Member States (wider membership that EU)

    3. European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO)

      Webpage Recommended reading Body responsible for pan-European trade marks and designs. Formerly known as the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM)

    4. HM Courts & Tribunals Service - GOV.UK

      Webpage Recommended reading Details of the courts service in England and Wales including links to forthcoming cases and recently handed down decisions

    5. EU law - EUROPA | European Union

      Webpage Recommended reading Portal to EU law and court decisions

    6. Court of Justice of the European Union

      Webpage Recommended reading Decisions of the Court of Justice and the General Court

    7. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

      Webpage Recommended reading UN Specialist Agency responsible for IP, in particular the PCT, Madrid Trade Mark system, and The Hague international design system

    8. World Trade Organization (WTO)

      Website Recommended reading Body responsible for the TRIPS Agreement

    9. The IPKat

      Website Recommended reading Highly respected IP blog. Useful for updates in IP law

    10. The 1709 Blog

      Website Recommended reading Highly respected copyright blog

  11. WEEK ONE 48 items
    SUBSTANTIVE PATIENT LAW I - INTRODUCTION TO PATENT LAW
    1. History and Justifications 15 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 7 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 1

        4. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading chapter 11

        5. And/Or

        6. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading ch1 pp1-51

        7. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 1 pp 1-51; Chapter 19 pp 793-815; Chapter 3 pp 119-154

      2. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 8 items
        1. The Nature and Function of the Patent System - Edmund W. Kitch 1977

          Article Recommended reading

        2. The Patent Controversy in the Nineteenth Century - Fritz Machlup, Edith Penrose 1950

          Article Recommended reading

        3. On the Complex Economics of Patent Scope - Robert P. Merges, Richard R. Nelson 05/1990

          Article Recommended reading

    2. Some Current Issues, Debates and Unbelievable Truths! 12 items
      1. Integrating Intellectual Property Rights and Development Policy - Commission on Intellectual Property Rights 2002

        Webpage Recommended reading Patent sections

      2. Should Apple finally call time on smartphone patent wars? - Charles Arthur Arthur 05/05/2014

        Article Recommended reading

      3. Can you patent an experience? - T. Southgate 17/04/2013

        Article Recommended reading

    3. The Sources of IP Law 5 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 5 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 11 relevant sections

        4. And/Or

        5. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 3 pp 119-154

    4. Overview of International, Regional and National Instruments 7 items
      1. Covering All IP Regimes

         

        • TRIPS

         

         

        Patents:

         

        • Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
        • Patent Cooperation Treaty
        • European Patent Convention 1973 (2000 Revision)
        • Patent Law Treaty 2000
        • Directive 98/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 1998 on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions (Biotech Directive)
        • Regulation (EU) No 1257/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2012 implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the creation of unitary patent protection. (not yet in force)
        • Council Regulation (EU) No 1260/2012 of 17 December 2012 implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the creation of unitary patent protection with regard to the applicable translation arrangements (not yet in force)
        • Patents Act 1977
        • Intellectual Property Act 2014

      2. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 6 items
        1. Intellectual property rights in EU law: Vol.1: Free movement and competition law - David T. Keeling 2003-

          Book Recommended reading Chapters 3 & 9

        2. European intellectual property law: texts, cases and materials - Annette Kur, Thomas Dreier 2013

          Book Recommended reading Chapter 2: IP in the European Legal Framework

    5. Patent Procedure (basic introduction), Priority & Duration 9 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 5 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 11 relevant sections

        4. And/Or

        5. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 4 pp 155-184

      2. Legislation 1 item
          • s5-s25 Patents Act 1977 (PA)
          • Arts 63, 75, 78, 80, 85, 87-101 European Patent Convention (EPC)

      3. Case Law (*compulsory) 1 item
          • *Asahi Kasei Kogyo KK's Application [1990] RPC 485 (HL)
          • Nestac v Dualit Ltd [2013] EWHC 923

      4. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 2 items
          • See Sample Patent Application in hand-out and posted on Blackboard Learn.

  12. WEEK TWO 21 items
    SUBSTANTIVE PATENT LAW II
    1. Patentable Subject Matter 11 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 3 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 11 relevant section

        3. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 5 pp 223-240; Chapter 20 pp 835-846; Chapter 21 pp 891-920

      2. Legislation 1 item
          • S1(1), s1(2), s1(3), s4A, s76A, s130(1), Schedule A2, Patents Act 1977
          • Art 52(1), 52(2), 52(3) 53(a), 53(b), 53(c) EPC
          • Rules 29(1) of Part II, Chapter V of the EPC Implementing Regulations
          • Arts 3, 4, 5 & 6 Biotech Directive. Also REcital 35
          • Art 27 TRIPS

      3. Case Law (*compulsory) 1 item
        1.  

          UK Approach

           

          • Merrill Lynch Inc's Application [1989] RPC 561

           

          • *Gale's Application [1991] RPC 305

           

          • Fujitsu's Application [1997] RPC 608

           

          • CFPH's Application [2005] EWHC 1589 (Pat)

           

          • *Aerotel v Telco Holdings [2007] RPC 7

           

          • *Symbian Ltd v Comptroller General of Patents [2009] RPC 1

           

          • AT&T Knowledge Ventures [2009] EWHC 343 (Pat)

           

          • Halliburton [2011] EWHC 2508 (Pat)

           

          • HTC v Apple [2013] EWCA Civ 451 (decision of 3 May 2013)

           

           

           

          EPC Approach

           

          • T208/84 Vicom/Computer Related Invention [1987] EPOR 74

           

          • T931/95 PBS Partnership/Pension Benefit Systems [2002] OJ EPO 441

           

          • *T154/04 DUNS LICENSING ASSOCIATES/Estimating Sales Activity [2007] EPOR 38

           

          • *G3/08 PRESIDENTS REFERENCE/Programs for computers [2010] EPOR 3

           

           

           

          US Approach

           

          • Bilski v Kappos 130 SCt 3218 (2011)

           

          • Alice Corp v CLS Bank  SCt no. 13-298 (19 June 2014)

           

           

           

          Biotechnology & Public Policy

           

           

           

          • *T19/90 Harvard/Oncomouse [1990] EPOR 501

           

          • *Howard Florey/Relaxin [1995] EPOR 541

           

          • *Plant Genetic Systems [1995] EPOR 357

           

          • G01/98 Novartis/Transgenic Plant [2000] EPOR 303

           

          • *G1/04 CYGNUS/Diagnostic Methods [2006] EPOR 15

           

          • G2/06 WARF/ Stem Cells [2009] EPOR 15

           

          • G1/07 MEDI-PHYSICS/Treatment by Surgery [2011] 3 OJ EPO 134.

           

          • G2/07 & G1/08 BROCCOLI & TOMATOES/ Essential Biological Processes [2011] EPOR 27

           

           

          • *C-34/10 Oliver Brüstle v Greenpeace [2012] 1 CMLR 41

           

           

          • US Supreme Court, Association for Molecular Pathology v Myriad Genetics, Inc 133 SCt 2017

           

           

           

          Patents for New use of Old Products/methods

           

          • G2/88 MOBIL/Friction Reducing Additive [1990]

           

          • Actavis UK Ltd v Merck & Co Ltd [2008] RPC 26

      4. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 6 items
        1. 'Opinion of the Economic and Social Committee on the ‘Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the patentability of computer-implemented inventions' (COM(2002) 92 final — 2002/0047(COD))

          Document Recommended reading REJECTED BY PARLIAMENT AT SECOND READING. However, consider the ‘Opinion of the Economic and Social Committee’ expressing concern that such an approach opens the door to ‘software patents’ and discusses the problems it perceives with such patents.

        2. Dignity, plurality and patentability: the unfinished story of Brustle v Greenpeace - Shawn H.E. Harmon, Graeme Laurie, Aidan Courtney 2013

          Article Recommended reading

        3. Can Patents Deter Innovation? The Anticommons in Biomedical Research - Michael A. Heller, Rebecca S. Eisenberg 1998

          Article Recommended reading

    2. Novelty 10 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 5 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 12 relevant section

        4. And/Or

        5. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 5 pp 187-204

      2. Legislation 1 item
          • S1(1), s2, s4A PA
          • Arts 52(1), 54 EPC
          • Art 27.1 TRIPS

      3. Case law (*compulsory) 1 item
        1. General Principles

           

          • General Tyre v Firestone [1972] RPC 457 (CA)
          • *G1/92 Availability to the Public [1993] EPOR 241
          • *Merrell Dow v Norton [1996] RPC 76
          • Evans Medical's Patent [1998] RPC 517
          • *Synthon v SmithKline Beecham [2006] RPC 10 (HL)
          • Dr Reddy's Laboratories (UK) Ltd [2010] RPC 9

           

          New use of old product (Pharmaceuticals)

           

          • G5/83 EISAI/Second Medical Indication [1979-85] EPOR B241
          • John Wyeth's Application [1985] RPC 545
          • Bristol Meyers Squibb Co v Baker Norton Pharmaceuticals [2001] RPC 1
          • *Actavis UK Ltd v Merck & Co Ltd [2008] RPC 26
          • *G2/08 Dosage Regime/ABBOTT RESPIRATORY [2010] EPOR 26
          • cf. Novartis v Union of India [2013] AIR SC 1311 Supreme Court of India.

          http://supremecourtofindia.nic.in/outtoday/patent.pdf

           

          New property of old use of old product

           

          • *G2/88 MOBIL/Friction Reducing Additive [1990]

      4. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 3 items
        1. Experimental novelty: Synthon v SmithKline Beecham - Andrew Sharples, Duncan Curley 2006

          Article Recommended reading

  13. WEEK THREE 1 item
    PATENT LAW PRACTICE I
    1.  

      1.         Basic introduction to IP practice:

       

      Application of law to day-to-day IP issues – what is important?

       

      • actual law
      • rules (implementing regulations)
      • case law
      • formalities procedures (guidelines)

       

       

       

      Who can practice?

       

      • Patent Attorneys
      • Solicitors
      • Barristers
      • IP Advisers

       

       

       

      How do they practice?

       

      • private practice
      • industry

       

       

       

      2.         Type and choice of IP protection

       

      Whether to file?

       

      • trade secrets
      • non-disclosure agreements (NDAs)
      • secrecy issues

       

       

       

      What to file?

       

      • patent
      • registered design
      • trademark
      • utility model
      • petty patent

       

       


      3.         Timing of filing

       

      When to file?

       

      • market potential
      • power of inventor/client
      • non-secret trials imminent?
      • defensive
      • proximity of competition
      • scope
      • ability to police
      • policy
      • imminent sales
      • patentability – grantable vs litigatable
      • CAN YOU AFFORD NOT TO FILE

       

       

       

      4.         Filing Strategy

       

      Where to file?

       

      • secrecy issues UKPA 1977 s23
      • client driven vs attorney advice
      • UK filing plus separate nationals at 12 months
      • UK filing plus European application at 12 months
      • UK filing plus PCT application at 12 months
      • financial implications
      • subject matter implications – business methods? software?
      • timescale – likelihood of infringers?

       

       

       

      5.         Anatomy of a patent

       

      • Description, Claims, Abstract, Drawings

  14. WEEK FOUR 31 items
    SUBSTANTIVE PATENT LAW III
    1. Inventive Step 12 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading

      2. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

        Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

      3. And/Or

      4. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

        Book Essential reading Chapter 12 relevant section

      5. Or

      6. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

        Book Essential reading Chapter 5 pp 204-223

      7. Legislation

        • S1(1), s3 PA
        • Arts 52(1), 56 EPC
        • ART 27.1 TRIPS

      8. Case Law (*compulsory)

      9.  

        • *Windsurfer International v Tabur Marine [1985] RPC 59 (CA)

         

        •  Hallen v Brabantia [1991] RPC 195 (CA)

         

        • Mölnlycke v Procter and Gamble [1994] RPC 49 (Pat)

         

        • PLG Research v Ardon [1995] RPC 236

         

        • *Haberman v Jackel International Ltd [1999] FSR 683 (Ch)

         

        • Dyson Appliances Ltd v Hoover Ltd [2002] RPC 22.

         

        • *Pozzoli v BDMO [2007] FSR 37 (CA)

         

        • Conor Medsystems v Angiotech [2008] RPC 28 (HL)

         

        o   If you have some time to spare you may wish to look at this UCL Moot Court argument between Sir Robin Jacobs (who gave judgement in the CA) and Lord Hoffmann (who handed down the leading judgement in the HL) , judged by Rothstein J (of the Supreme Court of Canada). Available at http://www.ucl.ac.uk/laws/ibil/index.shtml?events_past (23 November 2011).

         

        • MedImmune Ltd v Novartis [2012] EWCA Civ 1234 (CA)

         

        • Generics v Richter [2014] EWHC 1666 (Pat)

         

         

         

        Person skilled in the Art and Common General Knowledge

         

        • Technograph v Mills & Rockley [1972] RPC 346 (Lord Reid at 355)

         

        • *Beloit v Valmet [1997] RPC 1

         

        • Raychem Corp's Patents [1998] RPC 31

         

        • Pfizer Ltd's Patent [2001] FSR 201

         

        • *Technip France's Patent [2004] EWCA Civ 522

         

        • *Schlumberger Holdings v Electromagnetic Geoservices [2010] RPC 33

         

        • Environmental Health Systems Ltd v Synergy Health Plc & Gravitas (International) Ltd [2014] EWHC 1306 (IPEC)(formerly PCC)

         

         

         

        EPO 'Problem/Solution' Approach

         

         

        • Bayer/Carbonless Copying Paper [1981] OJ EPO 206

         

        • *ALCAN/Aluminium Alloys T465/92 [1995] EPOR 501

         

        • *T-641/00 Comvik/Two Identities [2003] OJ EPO 319

         

        • *See criticism of approach by UK CA in Actavis v Novartis [2010] FSR 18 [25]-[50]

         

        • Also Generics (UK) Ltd v Daiichi Pharmaceuticals Ltd [2009] EWCA Civ 646 [19]-[20]

      10. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 2 items
        1. Obviousness in the new European order - P. England, S. Parker 01/11/2012

          Article Recommended reading

        2. Non-Obviousness - Mario Franzosi 01/11/2005

          Article Recommended reading

    2. Industrial Application 9 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 5 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 12 relevant section

        4. And/Or

        5. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 5 pp 221-223

      2. Legislation 1 item
          • S1(1), s4 PA
          • Arts 52(1), 57 EPC
          • Art 27.1 TRIPS

      3. Case Law (*compulsory) 1 item
          • Chiron Corp v Murex Diagnostics Ltd [1996] RPC 535
          • *Human Genome Sciences v Eli Lilly & Co Ltd [2011] UKSC 51

      4. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 2 items
    3. Sufficiency 10 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 5 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 12

        4. And/Or

        5. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 5 pp 241-251

      2. Legislation 1 item
          • s14(3), s14(5)(c), s72(1)(c) PA
          • Arts 83, 84 EPC
          • Art 29.1 TRIPS

      3. Case Law (*compulsory) 1 item
        1.  

          • Mentor v Hollister [1993] RPC 7

           

          • *T409/91 EXXON/Fuel Oils [1994] EPOR 149

           

          • *Biogen v Medeva [1997] RPC 1 (HL)

           

          • *Generics (UK) Ltd v H Lundbeck A/S [2009] RPC 13 (HL)

           

          • Medimmune Ltd v Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd, Medical Research Council, [2011] EWHC 1669 (Pat)

           

      4. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 3 items
        1. Biogen sufficiency reconsidered - David J. Brennan 2009

          Article Essential reading

  15. WEEK FIVE 1 item
    PATENT LAW PRACTICE II
    1.  

      1.         UK Filing in detail

       

      What is required for a valid filing date? (UKPA 1977 s 15(1))

       

      • indication that patent is sought
      • description of invention
      • identity of applicant
      • NO FEE ANYMORE on filing
      • N.B. priority date
      • Do you need a form? Form 1 UKPA 1977 Rule 12

       

       

       

      Requirement for agent?

       

      • address for service
      • private applicants

       

       

       

      Problems on filing?

       

      • applicant issues
      • late filed drawings
      • joint ownership

       

       

       

      Subsequent 'formalities' actions?

       

      • Pay Application Fee (Form AF1 £20 or £30 fee)
      • file claims UKPA 1977 s15 (5) (a)
      • file abstract UKPA 1977 s15 (5) (a)
      • file Form 7 – identify inventors UKPA 1977 s13(2) Rule 10 - no fee
      • file Form 9A – request for search (option b) UKPA 1977 s17, Rule 27 – fee £150 or £130??
      • publication – or withdrawal prior to publication UKPA 1977 s18
      • file Form 10 - request for examination UKPA 1977 Rule 28
      • monitor for grant UKPA 1977 s20 and Rule 34
      • maintenance/renewal

       

       

       

      Subsequent substantive actions?

      • review search report – amend claims if necessary
      • review examination report – amend claims if necessary
      • check published/granted specification for accuracy
      • post grant amendment if new prior art discovered

       

       

      2.         Extensions of time

       

      Form 52, Rule 108 (2) and (3) – fee £135

       

      Discretion of Comptroller needed for 108 (3)

       

       

       

      3.         Post grant issues

       

      • failure to pay renewal fees – common problem
      • 'my patent is being infringed'
      • 'is this patent valid?'
      • threats provisions
      • withdrawal vs abandonment
      • licensing, licenses of right
      • opposition – or lack of it

       

       

       

       

       

      4.         What to do when it all goes wrong!

       

      • stay calm
      • think
      • talk to colleagues
      • talk to UKIPO
      • take action to maintain protection of some sort
      • own up to client – wait until you know the full picture but do not wait too long

  16. WEEK SIX 25 items
    SUBSTANTIVE PATENT LAW IV
    1. Claim Construction (what is the scope of protection conferred by a patent?) 10 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 5 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book  Chapter 13

        4. And/Or

        5. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book  Chapter 4 pp 177-184; Chapter 6 pp 253-261 & 277-279.

      2. Legislation 1 item
          • s125 PA
          • Arts 69(1) EPC and Protocol on the Interpretation of Article 69 (as amended in 2000)

      3. Case Law (*compulsory) 1 item
        1.  

          • Van der Lely v Bamfords [1963] RPC 61 (HL)

           

          • *Catnic v Hill & Smith [1982] RPC 183 (HL)

           

          • *Improver Corp v Remington Consumer Products Ltd [1990] FSR 181 (Pat)

           

                         o   Cf Schneidemesser I (2002) 33 IIC 873

           

          • *Kirin Amgen Inc v Hoechst Marion Roussel Ltd [2005] RPC 9 (HL)

           

          • Virgin Atlantic Airways v Premium Aircraft Interiors UK Ltd [2010] RPC 8 (CA)

           

          • C-428/08 Monsanto Technology LLC v Cefetra BV [2011] FSR 6 (CJEU)

           

          • Actavis UK Ltd & Ors v Eli Lilly & Company [2014] EWHC 1511 (Pat)

           

          • (For a US perspective – Graver Tank & Manufacturing Co v Linde Air Products Co. 339 US 605 (1950); Festo Corp v Shoketsu Kinzoku Kogyo Kabushiki Co 535 US 722 (2002))

      4. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 3 items
    2. Acts of Infringement 8 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 5 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 13

        4. And/Or

        5. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 6 pp 261-277

      2. Legislation 1 item
          • S60 PA
          • Art 64(3) EPC
          • Art 28 TRIPS

                         o DIRECT infringement will arise when it can be established that an individual has carried out any of the exclusive acts in relation to a protected invention - s60(1)

           

                         o INDIRECT (S60(2)) infringement will aries when a person: -

                              - 1. facilitates direct infringement if he/she:

                                       * Supplys or offers to supply any of the means, relating to an essential element of the invention, for putting the invention into effect when he knows, or it is obvious to a reasonable                                      person in the circumstances, that those means are suitable for putting, and are intended to put, the invention into effect in the UK

      3. Case Law (*compulsory) 1 item
        1.  

          • *United Wire Ltd v Screen Repair Services [2001] RPC 24 (HL)

           

          • *Grimme v Scott [2010] EWCA Civ 1110 (CA)

           

          • *Schütz (UK) Ltd v Werit UK Ltd [2013] UKSC 16 (SCt)

           

          • Nestec v Dualit [2013] EWHC 923 (Pat)

      4. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 1 item
        1. Infringement by Repair and the Troublesome Definition of 'Making' the Invention: A critique of Schütz v Werit - C. Floyd 2010

          Document Recommended reading This paper was given prior to the ruling of the Supreme Court.

    3. Defences to Infringement 7 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 5 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 13

        4. Or

        5. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 6 pp 261-273

      2. Legislation 1 item
          • S60(5), s64, s74(1)(a) PA
          • Art 30 TRIPS
          • Art 34, 36, 102 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

      3. Case Law (*compulsory) 1 item
        1.  

          • Monsanto v Stauffer Chemical Co [1985] RPC 515

           

          • SKF v Evans [1989] FSR 513 (Pat)

           

          • C-241/91 RTE and ITP and BBC v EU Commission (Magill Case) [1995] ECR I-743 (CJEU)

           

          • C-267/95 Merck & Co v Primecrown [1996] ECR I-6285 (CJEU)

           

          • Lubrizol Corp v Esso Petroleum Ltd [1997] RPC 195 (Pat)

           

          • Haberman v Jackel International Ltd [1999] FSR 683 (Ch) (note the number of grounds on which the validity of the patent was challenged – obviousness, insufficiency, added matter)

           

          • Intel Corp v VIA Technologies [2003] FSR 574

           

          • CoreValve v Edwards Lifesciences [2009] EWHC 6

           

          • Schütz (UK) Ltd v Werit UK Ltd [2013] UKSC 16 (SCt)

           

          • Nestec v Dualit Ltd [2013] EWHC 923

  17. WEEK EIGHT 1 item
    PATENT LAW PRACTICE III
    1.  

      1.                  EP Filing in detail

       

      What is required for a valid European filing date? (Art. 80 EPC, Rule 40 EPC)

       

      • indication that patent is sought
      • information identifying the applicant
      • description of invention
      • NO FEE ON FILING but filing AND search fee due within 1 month (1300 Euros)

       

       

       

      Languages

       

      • official languages
      • language of contracting states
      • language of proceeding

       

       

       

      Subsequent 'formalities' actions?

       

      • file abstract Art 85 EPC – not needed on filing but will request it and provide deadline for filing
      • claims with indication of basis in description
      • identify inventors Art 81 EPC and Rule 17(1) EPC – by 16 months
      • request examination up to end of 6 months from mention of publication of search report – need to pay fee AND request in writing
      • publication – or withdrawal prior to publication UKPA 1977 s18
      • maintenance/renewal

       

       

       

      Subsequent substantive actions?

       

      • review search report – amend claims if necessary
      • review examination report – amend claims if necessary
      • check published/granted specification for accuracy
      • post grant amendment if new prior art discovered

       

       


       

       

      2.         Extensions of time and time limits (Art 120 EPC)

       

      Types of Time limit – Convention, Office

       

      First important point is that some time limits can be extended without payment of a fee under Rule 132(2) EPC….for example requesting extension of time to respond to an examination report (under Art 94(3) EPC)…and will usually be allowed as long as the total period for completing the act does not exceed 6 months. Only applies to limits set by the EPO (Office time periods) and not those set by the EPC (Convention time periods).

       

       

       

      Art 121 EPC - Further Processing

       

      Essential points:

       

      (a)        Remedy to non-observance of Convention and Office time periods.

       

      (b)        Only available for applications so cannot be used for granted patents

       

      (c)        Only available to Applicants so can only be requested if recorded as the applicant on the case before the EPO i.e. any transfer or assignment of the case must be registered before FP requested.

       

      To request FP on failing to observe a time limit need to request in writing, pay fee and complete the omitted act within 2 months of Notice of Loss of Rights. Fee in the region of Euro 240. 

       

      FP available for: failure to respond to an exam report, 1 month time limit for paying search and filing fee (Rule 38 EPC).

       

      FP not available for: Priority Period (Art 87(1)), Periods for Filing Appeal (Art 108).

       

      FP is a reliable remedy; if you follow the above the request will be granted.

       

       

       

      Art 122 EPC Re-Establishment of Rights

       

      Essential points:

       

      (a)        Available to Applicants and Proprietors (so available for granted patents)

       

      (b)        There must be a failed time limit (the limit must have a start date and a duration)

       

      (c)        There must be a loss of rights caused by the non-observance of a time limit

       

      (d)       The Applicant MUST be able to show that all due care was taken and that the failure to observe a time limit was due to a one time error. It must be an isolated procedural error; there cannot have been a conscious decision to not meet the time limit.

       

       

       

      RR available for: failing to respond to an exam report under 94(3) EPC, failing to meet a FP deadline.

       

      To request RR must: request in writing, pay fee, complete omitted act, within 2 months of the removal of the cause of non-compliance but at the latest within a year of the expiry of the time limit in question.

       

      RR not available for the period for requesting RR Art 122(4) explicitly stated. 

       

      RR is an unreliable remedy; it requires proof to be furnished to the EPO who have the ability to reject the request on the balance of proof.

       

       

       

      Bizarre but Useful

       

      Rule 126(2) details the '10 day Rule'. This rule establishes a fictional day on which a Communication from the EPO is "deemed to have been delivered". It only applies to registered letters with or without delivery advice, received within the 10 day period. The Rule allows the period of time in such a Communication to run from the Date of Despatch plus 10 days. Therefore all time limits received in such a way are artificially extended by 10 days. 

       

      The ten days must be added to the despatch date and then the period of time is added. The ten days MUST NOT be added to the end…it can make a difference.

       

      Used on all time limits set by the EPO and communicated by registered letter to the Applicant - cannot be used on convention time limits.

       

       

       

      Summary

       

      Convention time limits – can use Art 121 or Rule 84 if missed e.g. filing request for examination but may be able to use Art 122

       

      Office time limits – can be extended on request and effect of missing deadline can be overcome by Art 121, Rule 84 and Art 122 EPC

       

      Bizarre 10 day rule – Rule 78(2) EPC, useful during examination – must be a limit informed by Registered Letter from EPO.

  18. WEEK NINE 25 items
    SUBSTANTIVE PATENT LAW V
    1. Entitlement/Ownership 11 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 5 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 13 relevant section

        4. Or

        5. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 7 pp 281-294

      2. Legislation 1 item
          • s7-13, s37(1), s39-43 PA
          • Art 60 EPC

      3. Case Law (*compulsory) 1 item
        1.  

          • Staeng Ltd's Patent [1996] RPC 183

           

          • *Henry Bros Ltd v MoD [1999] RPC 442 (CA)

           

          • *IDA v University of Southampton [2006] RPC 21 (CA)

           

          • Liffe v Pinkava [2007] RPC 30

           

          • *Yeda Research & Development v Rhone-Poulenc [2008] RPC 1 (HL)

           

          • *Kelly and Chui v GE Healthcare Ltd [2009] RPC 12 (CA)

           

          • Shanks v Unilever Plc [2014] EWHC 1647 (Pat)

      4. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 4 items
    2. The New EU Patent 14 items
      1. Compulsory Textbook Reading 5 items
        1. Intellectual property law - Lionel Bently, Brad Sherman, Dev Gangjee, Phillip Johnson 2018

          Book Core (purchase required) Relevant sections

        2. And/Or

        3. Intellectual property law: text, cases, and materials - Tanya Frances Aplin, Jennifer Davis 2017

          Book Essential reading Chapter 11

        4. Or

        5. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks and allied rights - W. R. Cornish, David Llewelyn, Tanya Frances Aplin 2013

          Book Essential reading Chapter 3 pp 134-139

      2. Legislation 1 item
        1.  

          • Regulation (EU) No 1257/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2012 implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the creation of unitary patent protection. (not yet in force)

           

          • Council Regulation (EU) No 1260/2012 of 17 December 2012 implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the creation of unitary patent protection with regard to the applicable translation arrangements (not yet in force)

           

           

          • Intellectual Property Act 2014, s88A

      3. Case Law 1 item
      4. Additional Reading (*compulsory) 7 items
        1. The Unitary Patent Package: Twelve Reasons for Concern - Reto Hilty, Thomas Jaeger, Matthias Lamping, Hanns Ullrich 2012

          Article Recommended reading

        2. Transcript of Lord Justice Kitchin's Speech on the Unitary Patent (2012) - Lord Justice Kitchin 2012

          Webpage Recommended reading *The transcript of a speech given by Kitchin LJ on the Unitary Patent. Note that this presentation was given prior to the removal of Article 6-8 from the Regulation.

        3. The Europeanization of intellectual property law: towards a European legal methodology

          Chapter Recommended reading J Brinkhof and A Ohly, Towards a Unified Patent Court in Europe, pp 199-216.

          • H Dunlop, European Unitary Patent and Unified Patent Court (CIPA 2013)

  19. WEEK TEN 1 item
    PATENT LAW PRACTICE IV
    1.  

      1.         PCT filing

       

      What is required for a valid PCT filing date? (Art. 11 (1) PCT)

       

      • request – including petition, applicant, agent and inventor and title of invention – do not need to use special form but must contain information as required
      • description of invention and one or more claims
      • zero (!) or more drawings
      • abstract
      • must be in a language accepted by the competent Receiving Office (RO)
      • NO FEE ON FILING but filing AND search fee due within 1 month

       

       

       

      Effect of filing – An international application which is accorded a filing date, will have the effect of a regular national filing in each designated state (Art.11(3) PCT)

       

       

       

      2.         Languages

       

      • official languages – RO/IB/publication
      • language of contracting states
      • language of proceeding

       

       

       

      3.         Applicants

       

      • residence
      • nationality
      • US issues

       

       

       

      4.         Where to file?

       

      • competent receiving office – at least one language that is accepted by the competent ISA and a publication language
      • International Bureau (IB) – any language

       

       

       

      5.         Fees

       

      • transmittal fee, international filing fee, search fee – pay to RO, within 1 month of filing
      • designation fee – no longer applicable

       

       

       

      6.         Subsequent processing

       

      • Chapter I, effect of using and deadlines/time limits – IPRP – opportunity to amend claims only
      • Chapter II, demand required – 22 months, opportunity to argue/amend review examination report – amend claims if necessary
      • national phase entry – requirements before GB/EP

       

       

       

      The PCT is an incredibly complicated procedural treaty. It is impossible in the time we have to go into this in great detail. Several of the larger firms of attorneys provide some information relating to the PCT on their web sites, for example www.jenkins.eu has a good summary of the new PCT regulations. 

       

      www.wipo.org/pct is an excellent resource for all things PCT related. Particularly useful is the PCT applicants guide which has information relating to all the contracting states and their various roles in the various chapters of the PCT.

  20. WEEK ELEVEN 0 items
    PATENT LAW PRACTICE V
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