1. Term 1 190 items
    1. Week 1: Early cinema (Geoff King) 11 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        No Screening this week, lecture and seminar to include screening of early shorts
        1. The very first films, screened from 1898 to the early 1900s, look very different from the kinds of products we are familiar with today. But how, exactly, should their difference be understood, in relation to their contemporary technology, industry and form? This session will introduce two contrasting approaches to historically-distant material of this kind. According to one perspective, we can measure such films against later norms (and usually find them lacking). Alternatively, we can seek to understand them in their own terms – at the level of their specific historical context, which will be aim of this session, which will also introduce the module more generally

      2. Primary Reading 2 items
        1. The American film industry

          Chapter Essential reading The Movies in Vaudeville: Historical Context of the Movies as Popular Entertainment (good account of context of early cinema)

        2. Early cinema: space, frame, narrative

          Chapter Essential reading read pp56-75 Tom Gunning, 'The Cinema of Attractions' (has become classic account of formal qualities of early cinema)

      3. Further Reading 8 items
        1. The Oxford guide to film studies

          Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 4 pp255-271 Tom Gunning 'Early American Film'

        2. Film history: an introduction

          Chapter Recommended reading Chapter one, ‘The Invention and Early Years of the Cinema’ (a useful starting point)

        3. The American film industry

          Chapter Recommended reading A Novelty Spawns Small Businesses, 1894-1908’, introduction to Part 1

        4. Early cinema: space, frame, narrative - Thomas Elsaesser, Adam Barker 1990

          Book Recommended reading a wide-ranging collection of essays with useful introductions to each section

        5. Hollywood and the box office 1895-1986

          Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 1, pp1-6 ‘Inventions and Patents, 1895-99

        6. Shared pleasures: a history of movie presentation in the United States

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp. 3-17, The Movie Show Begins'

        7. The emergence of cinema: the American screen to 1907 - Charles Musser 1994

          Book Recommended reading a very full, definitive account

    2. Week 2: Towards the Classical Hollywood Style (Geoff King) 7 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. Broken blossoms - D. W. Griffith 2000 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

      2. This week we will look at the formation of what became known as the 'classical' Hollywood style, a form that developed during the first two decades in the history of cinema, many key aspects of which remain in place today. We will look at the key features of this style as it evolved from the earlier period. As with the previous week, and others on this module, we will also look at explanations for the change – again seeking to ground this in particular aspects of the specific historical context of the time, particularly in relation to industrial developments including the audiences for cinema.

      3. Primary Reading 2 items
        1. Interpreting films: studies in the historical reception of American cinema

          Chapter Essential reading read 5 pp 101-123 Rethinking “Primitive Cinema”: Intertextuality, the Middle-Class Audience, and Reception Studies

      4. Further Reading 3 items
        1. Film history: an introduction

          Chapter Recommended reading chapter 2, ‘The International Expansion of the Cinema, 1905-1912’

        2. Shared pleasures: a history of movie presentation in the United States

          Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 2, pp18-33 ‘The Nickelodeon Era’

        3. Hollywood and the box office 1895-1986

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 2, pp. 7-15, ‘Nickelodeons and Narrative, 1900-8'

    3. Week 3: The Coming of Sound (Geoff King) 10 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. The jazz singer - Alan Crosland 2007 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

      2. The arrival of synchronised sound in the second half of the 1920s is usually taken to be a key milestone in the development of cinema. How should this development be explained? This is another example in which we can compare contrasting approaches. On the one hand, the coming of sound might seem to have been an inevitable step – but to argue this not to add much to our understanding (it is, again, to read past developments in terms of where they subsequently led). Why exactly did it happen when it did? This week will employ some frameworks similar to those used in the first week, arguing for the need to look a specific factors that lead to technological change at particular moments – changes that go well beyond the realm of technological development itself. This is a classic case study example of how we might understand technology change more generally, including developments covered later in the module.

      3. Primary Reading 3 items
        1. Film history: theory and practice

          Chapter Essential reading read chapter 5, pp109-130 ‘Technological Film History’ (excellent chapter from a key text on how to understand and ‘do’ film history)

        2. Cinema and technology: image, sound, colour - Stephen Neale 1985

          Book Essential reading Introduction and Chapters 4-6. Chapter 4 attached.

        3. Technologies of seeing: photography, cinematography and television - Brian Winston 1996

          Book Essential reading an excellent account of the reasons for the adoption or otherwise of new technologies more generally; includes a chapter on early cinema and the adoption of colour rather than sound

      4. Further Reading 5 items
        1. Sound theory, sound practice

          Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 2 pp46-64 Sound Space

        2. The classical Hollywood cinema: film style & mode of production to 1960

          Chapter Recommended reading Read: David Bordwell and Janet Staiger, ‘Technology, style and mode of production’.

        3. Movies and methods: an anthology, Vol.2

          Chapter Recommended reading Read pp. 83-92, Sound and Color

        4. The American film industry

          Chapter Recommended reading The Coming of the Sound: Technological Change in the American Film Industry

        5. Movies and methods: an anthology, Vol.2

          Chapter Recommended reading Read p. 109-120, Gomery, D., Writing the History of the American film Industry: Warner Brothers and Sound

    4. Week 4 - Hollywood from classical studio system to corporate era today 19 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        No screening
        1.  

          Screening: No screening, but exercise to do ahead of seminar:

           

           

           

          Choose one or two Hollywood films and try to find out the following (some might be harder to discover than others):

           

           

           

          1.      which company (or companies) produced the film

           

          2.      who distributed it

           

          3.      which larger company or group does the production and/or distribution company belong to, and what other interests does that company have

           

          4.      how might the nature of the film itself be explained in terms of these business relationships?

      2. The studio system, dated usually from the 1920s to the 1950s, was the form in which Hollywood became established as the dominant player both in the US and across much of the globe. We will start this week with analysis of the precise industrial form taken by the system, involving joint

        control of film production, distribution and exhibition. We will also examine developments that led from this to the contemporary incarnation that includes a more fragmented production system but continued dominance of the studios as parts of large globally oriented corporations. This provides crucial industrial context for elements of Hollywood examined in other weeks.

      3. Primary Reading 5 items
        1. The classical Hollywood cinema: film style & mode of production to 1960

          Chapter Essential reading The Hollywood Mode of Production, 1930-1960

        2. Hollywood cinema: an introduction

          Chapter Essential reading read Chapter 2 pp59-106 Industry

        3. Contemporary Hollywood cinema

          Chapter Essential reading Read Murray Smith, ‘Theses on the philosophy of Hollywood history'

        4. Contemporary Hollywood cinema

          Chapter Essential reading read chapter 2 pp21-44 Richard Maltby, 'Nobody knows everything’: post-classical historiographies and consolidated entertainment

      4. Further reading 12 items
        1. The cinema book

          Chapter Recommended reading read pp19-22 The Studios’ and ‘Warner Bros'

        2. The Hollywood studio system: a history

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1 pp11-26 Paramount

        3. The genius of the system: Hollywood filmmaking in the studio era - Thomas Schatz 1998, c1988

          Book Recommended reading

        4. Hollywood genres: formulas, filmmaking, and the studio system - Thomas Schatz 1981

          Book Recommended reading

        5. Film policy: international, national and regional perspectives

          Chapter Recommended reading Read: Tino Balio, ‘Adjusting to the Global Economy: Hollywood in the 1990s'

        6. Movie blockbusters

          Chapter Recommended reading The Hollywood blockbuster: Industrial analysis and practice’

        7. The new American cinema

          Chapter Recommended reading read pp87-121 Money Matters: Hollywood in the Corporate Era

        8. Movie blockbusters

          Chapter Recommended reading Following the money in America’s sunniest company town: Some notes on the political economy of the Hollywood blockbuster

        9. A new pot of gold: Hollywood under the electronic rainbow, 1980-1989

          Chapter Recommended reading chapter 3

        10. Global Hollywood - Toby Miller 2001

          Book Recommended reading

    5. Week 5: Reading Week. No classes this week 0 items
    6. Week 6. Italian neorealism 14 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. Roma, cittá aperta - Roberto Rossellini, Sergio Amidei, Federico Fellini, Aldo Fabrizi c2005 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Recommended reading Log in to Box of Broadcasts in order to view/access this film.

      2. Widely seen as the first example of post-war European Art Cinema, Italian Neorealism would prove to be enormously influential (not least on the French nouvelle vague) while establishing Italy as one of the major national cinemas, with such celebrated directors as Roberto Rossellini, Vittorio De Sica and Luchino Visconti. Founded on the rejection of the glossy escapism and studio settings of fascist-era cinema, Neorealism explored the harsh realities of an Italy emerging from the war, filming on real locations, mixing professional and non-professional actors, and exploring such subjects as poverty, the wartime occupation of Rome, and the impact of American culture on post-war Italy.

      3. Recommended viewing 1 item
        1. The bicycle thieves - Vittorio De Sica, Luigi Bartolini 2009 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Recommended reading

      4. Primary Reading 3 items
        1. The Italian cinema book

          Chapter Essential reading read chapter 9 pp77-83 Stephen Gundle, 'Neorealism and Left-wing culture'

        2. Film history: an introduction

          Chapter Essential reading Ch. 16 'Postwar European Cinema: Neorealism and its Context, 1945-1959

      5. Further reading 8 items
        1. The cinema book

          Chapter Recommended reading Read pp. 233-237, Italian Neo-realism

        2. Italian cinema: from neorealism to the present

          Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 2 pp 31-73 The Masters of Neorealism:Rossellini, De Sica, and Visconti

        3. Italian cinema: from neorealism to the present

          Chapter Recommended reading chapters 3

        4. Italian film in the light of neorealism - Millicent Marcus 1986

          Book Recommended reading

        5. Italian neorealism and global cinema - Laura E. Ruberto, Kristi M. Wilson c2007

          Book Recommended reading

        6. André Bazin and Italian neorealism - André Bazin, Bert Cardullo c2011 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended reading

        7. Film analysis: a Norton reader

          Chapter Recommended reading read pp422-438 Geoffrey Nowell-Smith, ‘Bicycle Thieves’

    7. Week 7: Television: the broadcast era 22 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. Pennies from heaven - Piers Haggard, Dennis Potter, Kenith Trodd, Bob Hoskins 2004 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading Log in to Box of Broadcasts in order to view/access this film.

      2. In this week we examine British television as an institution shaped by histories of technology, regulatory frameworks and economic imperatives. We will see how the concept of Public Service Broadcasting has influenced the texts and genres we see on our television screens in Britain, particularly in relation to television drama.

      3. Primary Reading 7 items
        1. An introduction to television studies - Jonathan Bignell 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading Read: ‘Television Institutions’, pp. 43-45. open access

        2. An introduction to television studies - Jonathan Bignell 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading Read: Professional Cultures in a “Golden Age”’, pp.46-48. open access

        3. Understanding television

          Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 1, Scannell, P., Public Service broadcasting: the history of a concept, pp. 11-29

        4. Television studies: the basics

          Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 2, pp. 50-79, Television Institutions

        5. Television studies: the key concepts

          Chapter Essential reading Read: Calvert, B. et.al (2001). ‘Technology'

        6. The television studies book - Christine Geraghty, David Lusted 1998

          Book Essential reading

      4. Further reading 13 items
        1. The politics of media policy - Des Freedman 2008

          Book Recommended reading Read: Freedman, Des (2008) ‘Pluralism, Neoliberalism and Media Policy’ open access

        2. Populism and media policy failure - Des Freedman 12/2018

          Article Recommended reading

        3. Ken Loach: the politics of film and television - John Hill, British Film Institute 2011

          Book Recommended reading

        4. The television handbook

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 2 pp 9-26 studying television

        5. Channels of discourse, reassembled: television and contemporary criticism

          Chapter Recommended reading Read pp. 1-30, Robert C. Allen, 'More Talk About TV'

        6. Public Service versus the Market - Nicholas Garnham 01/01/1983

          Article Recommended reading

        7. Critical ideas in television studies

          Chapter Recommended reading Read: Corner, J. (1999) ‘Chapter Three: institutions'

        8. The television studies reader

          Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 17 pp275-292 John Ellis, 'Television Production'

        9. Media studies: texts, institutions, and audiences

          Chapter Recommended reading Read chapter 8 pp 91-106 'Approaches to Media Institutions’

        10. Media studies: texts, institutions, and audiences

          Chapter Recommended reading Read ‘Public Service and the Market

        11. Understanding media: the extensions of man - Marshall McLuhan, W. Terrence Gordon (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended reading

    8. Week 8 - Multichannel TV (Caroline Ruddell) 18 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. The Sopranos: Complete HBO Season 1 - James Gandolfini, Lorraine Bracco, Edie Falco, Michael Imperioli 2007 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading Episode 1

      2. The development of cable, satellite and digital television characterise the 'post-network' and 'post-broadcast' era of multichannel television. What are the technological and formal changes to television production and consumption that shape television in the 21st century and how should these be understood?

      3. Primary Reading 5 items
        1. Television: critical methods and applications

          Chapter Essential reading read chapter 1 pp3-19 Television's Ebb and Flow in the Postnetwork Era

        2. Television studies after TV: understanding television in the post-broadcast era

          Chapter Essential reading read chapter 1 pp 9-19 Michael Curtin, 'Matrix Media'

        3. Cable visions: television beyond broadcasting

          Chapter Essential reading Cable Watching: HBO, The Sopranos, and Discourses of Distinction

        4. Cable visions: television beyond broadcasting

          Chapter Essential reading If It’s Not TV, What is It? The Case for U.S. Subscription Television

        5. Thinking outside the box: a contemporary television genre reader

          Chapter Essential reading read chapter 10 pp226-246 Al Auster, ‘HBO’s approach to generic transformation’

      4. Further reading 11 items
        1. Television as digital media - James Bennett, Niki Strange 2011 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended reading

        2. Televisuality: style, crisis, and authority in American television - John Thornton Caldwell 1995

          Book Recommended reading

        3. Cable visions: television beyond broadcasting - Sarah Banet-Weiser, Cynthia Chris, Anthony Freitas 2007

          Book Recommended reading

        4. Remediation: understanding new media - J. David Bolter, Richard A. Grusin c1999

          Book Recommended reading

        5. YouTube: online video and participatory culture - Jean Burgess, Joshua Green 2009 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended reading

        6. The rise of the network society - Manuel Castells 2000

          Book Recommended reading

        7. The politics of ‘platforms’ - Tarleton Gillespie 05/2010

          Article Recommended reading

        8. Television goes digital 2010, Ã2010

          Book Recommended reading

    9. Week 9 - Hollywood blockbuster production, spectacle, special effects and narrative (Geoff King) 32 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. Jurassic World - Colin Trevorrow 2015

          Audio-visual document Essential reading Log in to Box of Broadcasts in order to view/access this film.

      2. Contemporary blockbusters are often accused of surrendering any interest in narrative/story or character to an emphasis on the provision of ever-more lavish or noisy spectacular entertainment or special effects. This week's lecture will examine the context and characteristics of spectacle in the Hollywood of recent decades as a big-screen attraction with a particular industrial basis. But it will also suggest that narrative is far from being abandoned, even in the most spectacular or critically derided blockbuster.

      3. Primary reading 30 items
        1. New Hollywood cinema: an introduction

          Chapter Essential reading Chapter 6 ‘Narrative vs. Spectacle in the Contemporary Blockbuste

        2. The new American cinema

          Chapter Essential reading From Pillar to Postmodern: Race, Class, and Gender in the Male Rampage Film

        3. The way Hollywood tells it: story and style in modern movies - David Bordwell 2006

          Book Essential reading Part I: A Real Story

        4. Spectacular digital effects: CGI and contemporary cinema - Kristen Whissel, Duke University Press 2014 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading

        5. Digital imaging in popular cinema

          Chapter Essential reading chapter 1, ‘Interpretation and the Digital’

        6. Contemporary action cinema

          Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 1, pp. 21-36, Narrative and the action film

        7. Digital visual effects in cinema: the seduction of reality - Stephen Prince c2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading especially introduction and chapter 1

        8. Post-classical Hollywood: film industry, style and ideology since 1945

          Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 9, pp. 244-254, 'Post-Classical Style?' (excerpt)

        9. CineTech: film, convergence and new media

          Chapter Essential reading read chapter 3 pp. 56-75 ‘Digital special effects’

        10. On narrative, primarily 8 items
          1. Studying contemporary American film: a guide to movie analysis

            Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 2, pp. 26-79 ‘Classical/post-classical narrative (Die Hard)’

          2. Emotional Curves and Linear Narratives - Patrick Keating 2006

            Article Recommended reading

          3. Contemporary Hollywood cinema

            Chapter Recommended reading Warren Buckland, A close encounter with Raiders of the Lost Ark: notes on narrative aspects of the New Hollywood blockbuster

          4. Contemporary Hollywood cinema

            Chapter Recommended reading Elizabeth Cowie, Storytelling: classical Hollywood cinema and classical narrative

          5. Storytelling in the new Hollywood: understanding classical narrative technique - Kristin Thompson 1999

            Book Recommended reading

          6. Hollywood puzzle films

            Chapter Recommended reading Geoff King, ‘Unraveling the Puzzle of Inception’

          7. Quality Hollywood: markers of distinction in contemporary studio film

            Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 2, pp. 81-124, ‘Inception and the Quality Blockbuster’ (a longer version of the above article)

        11. On spectacle, primarily 6 items
          1. Early cinema: space, frame, narrative

            Chapter Recommended reading Read: Tom Gunning, ‘The Cinema of Attractions’

          2. Seeing through movies

            Chapter Recommended reading Advertising: End of Story’

          3. Explorations in film theory: selected essays from Ciné-tracts

            Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 1 pp3-14 Patricia Mellencamp, 'Spectacle and Spectator: Looking Through the American Musical Comedy'

          4. Neo-Baroque aesthetics and contemporary entertainment - Angela Ndalianis 2004

            Book Recommended reading

          5. Meta-morphing: visual transformation and the culture of quick-change

            Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 12 pp251-271 Angela Ndalianis, 'Special Effects, Morphing Magic, and the 
1990s Cinema of Attractions'

          6. The cinema of attractions reloaded - Wanda Strauven 2006

            Book Recommended reading various essays, especially that by Scott Bukatman, ‘Spectacle, Attractions and Visual Pleasure’) 
On both or more background reading

        12. On Both 5 items
          1. The classical Hollywood cinema: film style & mode of production to 1960

            Chapter Recommended reading The classical Hollywood style, 1917-60’

          2. Action speaks louder: violence, spectacle, and the American action movie - Eric Lichtenfeld c2007

            Book Recommended reading

          3. Hollywood cinema: an introduction - Richard Maltby, Ian Craven 1995

            Book Recommended reading ‘The Spectacle of Movement’, in chapter 6, and chapter 8, ‘Narrative’

          4. Contemporary American cinema - Michael Hammond, Linda Ruth Williams 2006

            Book Recommended reading Spectacle and Narrative in the Contemporary Blockbuster

          5. Movie blockbusters

            Chapter Recommended reading Spectacle, Narrative, and the spectacular Hollywood blockbuster

    10. Week 10: New dimensions: from widescreen to 3D and beyond (Geoff King) 19 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. Gravity - Alfonso Cuarón, Sandra Bullock, George Clooney 2014 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

      2. Two main examples of technological development will be considered this week: widescreen cinema from the 1950s and 3D in both the 1950s and since, including its contemporary incarnation. We will explore the reasons for such developments, particularly in relation to industrial strategy, as well as the reasons why some new technologies might not be implemented.

      3. Reading 17 items
        (divided by the two periods, although might be some overlap)
        1. On earlier period: 7 items
          1. The American film industry

            Chapter Recommended reading introduction to Part IV, ‘Retrenchment, Reappraisal, and Reorganization, 1948-

          2. Hollywood in the age of television

            Chapter Recommended reading Read Introduction to Part I, ‘Responding to Network Television’ (both offer lots of good contextual detail on changes in Hollywood from the 1950s), pp. 3-40

          3. Hollywood in the age of television

            Chapter Recommended reading Glorious Technicolor, Breathtaking CinemaScope, and Stereophonic Sound

          4. Film theory and criticism: introductory readings

            Chapter Recommended reading read pp120-146 Charles Barr, 'Cinemascope: Before and After'

          5. Widescreen cinema - John Belton c1992

            Book Recommended reading (the definitive account of 1950s and 1960s widescreen)

          6. Technologies of seeing: photography, cinematography and television

            Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 5, pp109-118 'The Case of the Third Dimension: Where is Holography?: Necessities and Constraints’

          7. The Aesthetics of Emergence - William Paul 1993

            Article Recommended reading

        2. On more recent 3D: 10 items
          1. Expressive spaces in digital 3D cinema - Owen Weetch 2016 (electronic resource)

            Book Recommended reading

          2. Digital visual effects in cinema: the seduction of reality

            Chapter Recommended reading chapter 5, Immersive Aesthetics

          3. Digital imaging in popular cinema

            Chapter Recommended reading chapter 6, The Digital in Three Dimensions

          4. Has 3D Already Failed? The sequel, part one: RealDlighted Print - Kirsten Thompson, David Bordwell

            Webpage Recommended reading

          5. 3-D revolution: the history of modern stereoscopic cinema - Ray Zone 2012 (electronic resource)

            Book Recommended reading (more descriptive than analytical or academic, but some useful background info)

    11. Week 11 - Industry, technology and contemporary Hollywood style (Geoff King) 21 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. The Bourne supremacy - Paul Greengrass 2004 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

      2. To what extent do contemporary Hollywood films remain broadly classical in their visual style, or in what ways might be identify elements of something different or even 'post-classical'? A number of claims about the post-classical will be considered and qualified, alongside their industrial and technological contexts, including David Bordwell's key notion of 'intensified' continuity.

      3. Primary Reading: 10 items
        1. The way Hollywood tells it: story and style in modern movies - David Bordwell 2006

          Book Essential reading Originally published as ‘Intensified Continuity: Visual Style in Contemporary American Film’, Film Quarterly, vol. 55, no. 3, Spring 2002

        2. Film art: an introduction - David Bordwell, Kristin Thompson, Jeff Smith 2017

          Book Essential reading see section on Continuity Editing

        3. Post-classical Hollywood: film industry, style and ideology since 1945

          Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 9, pp. 244-254, ‘Post-Classical Style?' (excerpt)

        4. New Hollywood cinema: an introduction

          Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 7, pp. 224-256, ‘From Big Screen to Small’

        5. Post-classical cinema: an international poetics of film narration - Eleftheria Thanouli 2009

          Book Essential reading includes some Hollywood examples among others from overseas

        6. Digital visual effects in cinema: the seduction of reality - Stephen Prince c2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading

        7. Digital imaging in popular cinema - Lisa Purse c2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading

        8. High concept: movies and marketing in Hollywood

          Chapter Essential reading read chapter 2, pp23-64 ‘Construction of the Image and the High Concept Style’

      4. Further Reading: 9 items
        1. Film theory and contemporary Hollywood movies

          Chapter Recommended reading Barry Salt, ‘The shape of 1999: The stylistics of American movies at the end of the century’

        2. Men's cinema: masculinity and Mise en Scène in Hollywood - Stella Bruzzi 2013, Ã2013

          Book Recommended reading (some very useful reading of contemporary style as an expression of a male sensibility)

        3. Video and DVD industries

          Chapter Recommended reading esp. chapter 4 pp 107-142 hollywood home entertainment: controlling and profiting from video software

        4. Video and DVD industries - Paul McDonald 2007

          Book Recommended reading esp. chapter 5

        5. Big picture, small screen: the relations between film and television

          Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 2 pp9-46 Peter Kramer, 'The Lure of the Big Picture: Film, Television and Hollywood’

        6. A new pot of gold: Hollywood under the electronic rainbow, 1980-1989

          Chapter Recommended reading chapter 3, ‘The Brave New Ancillary World’

        7. Seeing through movies

          Chapter Recommended reading Advertising: End of Story

    12. Week 12 - Home and mobile film viewing: from movies on TV to tape, discs, downloads and streaming (Geoff King) 17 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. Wanted - Phillip Noyce, Timur Bekmambetov, Angelina Jolie, Liev Schreiber 2011 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading Log in to Box of Broadcasts in order to view/access this film.

      2. Once shown only in cinemas, films are now viewed in a multitude of settings, from the first screenings on television to the development of hardware systems such as videotape and DVD and online streaming, downloading and mobile viewing. This week we will examine the industrial context of such developments – particularly in the context of Hollywood– as well as some potential implications at the level of film form, some of which relate to material from the previous week.

      3. Primary Reading 5 items
        1. Digital disruption: cinema moves on-line - Dina Iordanova, Stuart Cunningham, University of St Andrews. Film Studies 2012

          Book Essential reading 2012 (includes chapter with focus broader than Hollywood)

        2. On-demand culture: digital delivery and the future of movies - Chuck Tryon 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading

        3. New Hollywood cinema: an introduction

          Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 7, pp. 224-256, ‘From Big Screen to Small’

        4. Contemporary American cinema - Michael Hammond, Linda Ruth Williams 2006

          Book Essential reading ‘What is Cinema Today? Home Viewing, New Technologies and DVD’

      4. Further Reading 10 items
        1. Portals: a treatise on internet-distributed television - Amanda D. Lotz 2017, Ã2017

          Book Recommended reading

        2. The contemporary Hollywood film industry

          Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 5 pp106-119 Eileen R. Meehan, ‘Ancillary Markets – Television: From Challenge to Safe Haven’

        3. The contemporary Hollywood film industry

          Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 6 pp120-131 Frederick Wasser, ‘Ancillary Markets – Video and DVD: Hollywood Retools’

        4. Video and DVD industries - Paul McDonald 2007

          Book Recommended reading esp. chapters 4 (attached) & 5

        5. The Business of Media Distribution, 2nd Edition - Jeff Ulin 2013

          Book Recommended reading Read 'Chapters 5 to 8' (on home video, TV, internet and ancillary markets)

        6. Contemporary Hollywood cinema

          Chapter Recommended reading ‘Widescreen composition in the age of television’

  2. Term 2 108 items
    1. Week 13: Careers conference and industry visit (Caroline Ruddell) 0 items
      This week’s classes will be replaced by a visit to an organization/company within the film and television industries, to enable you to engage with some aspects of the industry more directly. This will form a key basis for the second assessment, full details of which are under ‘Assessments’ above’. More details will be available nearer the time. The Careers conference related to assessment 2 will also be held in this week.
    2. Week 14: Media convergence in the digital age (Niki Ashby) 13 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. to be announced

      2. This week we look at what Henry Jenkins calls 'convergence culture', where media texts are distributed across multiple platforms, including video games, online material and spin-off merchandising. What are the implications and possibilities for contemporary storytelling? We will look, in particular, at transmedia storytelling and the extension of fictional 'worlds'.

      3. Primary Reading 3 items
        1. Convergence culture: where old and new media collide - Henry Jenkins 2006, c2008

          Book Essential reading

        2. Complex TV: the poetics of contemporary television storytelling

          Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 9, pp. 292-318, ‘Transmedia Storytelling’

        3. New dimensions of Doctor Who: adventures in space, time and television 2013

          Book Essential reading Part II ‘New Television, New Media’

      4. Further Reading 8 items
        1. Reinventing cinema: movies in the age of media convergence - Chuck Tryon c2009

          Book Recommended reading

        2. World building: transmedia, fans, industries 2017, date of distribution not identified, Ã2017

          Book Recommended reading

        3. Sherlock and transmedia fandom: essays on the BBC series - Louisa Ellen Stein, Kristina Busse c2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended reading

    3. Week 15: Low/no-budget digital film (Geoff King) 33 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. Four eyed monsters - Arin Crumley, Susan Buice 2008 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

      2. Technological developments in the last decade or so have made digital filmmaking available to a wider constituency than has ever been the case in the past, with the means of certain kinds of production available via the use of regular consumer-priced equipment. At the same time, online distribution has made it possible to by-pass traditional gatekeepers to reach an audience. This week's session will examine these developments, along with some formal qualities associated with digital film production, focusing primarily on examples from the American indie sector.

      3. Primary Reading 6 items
        1. Indie 2.0: change and continuity in contemporary American indie film

          Chapter Essential reading read chapter 2, pp77-121 ‘Industry 2.0: The digital domain and beyond’;

        2. Indie 2.0: change and continuity in contemporary American indie film - Geoff King 2014

          Book Essential reading chapter 3, ‘Mumblecore’; chapter 5, ‘The Desktop Aesthetic: First-person expressive in Tarnation and Four Eyed Monsters’

        3. Joe Swanberg, Intimacy, and the Digital Aesthetic - Aymar Jean Christian 2011

          Article Essential reading

        4. New digital cinema: reinventing the moving image - Holly Willis 2005

          Book Essential reading

        5. Reinventing cinema: movies in the age of media convergence

          Chapter Essential reading read chapter 4, pp 93-124 ‘Desktop Productions: Digital Distribution and Public Film Cultures’

        6. On-demand culture: digital delivery and the future of movies - Chuck Tryon 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading particularly chapters 7 and 8

      4. Further Reading 9 items
        1. Digital disruption: cinema moves on-line - Dina Iordanova, Stuart Cunningham, University of St Andrews. Film Studies 2012

          Book Recommended reading

        2. Digital disruption: cinema moves on-line

          Chapter Recommended reading Read pp67-100 Michael Gubbins, 'Digital Revolution: Active Audiences and Fragmented Consumption’

        3. A companion to American indie film

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 12, Murphy, J.J., 'Looking through a Rearview Mirror: Mumblecore as Past Tense', pp. 279-299

        4. Indie reframed: women's filmmaking and contemporary American independent cinema

          Chapter Recommended reading read chapter 8 pp138-153 Claire Perkins, 'My Effortless Brilliance: Women’s Mumblecore'

        5. A companion to American indie film

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 19, Tryon, Chuck, 'Crowdfunding, Independence, Authorship', pp. 433-451

        6. A companion to American indie film

          Chapter Recommended reading Go Digital or Go Dark: Crowdfunding, Independent Filmmaking, and Arthouse Exhibition on Kickstarter’

        7. Spreadable media: creating value and meaning in a networked culture - Henry Jenkins, Sam Ford, Joshua Green 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended reading

        8. Fans, friends & followers - Scott Kirsner c2009

          Book Recommended reading this and Reiss, below, are ‘how to’ books with advice and examples of DIY distribution and other strategies)

      5. Week 16: Ecocinema: Environmentally sustainable film and television production (Niki Ashby) 16 items
        1. Screening 1 item
          1. The gleaners and I - Agnáes Varda (videorecording)

            Audio-visual document Essential reading

        2. This class explores the environmental impact of the film and television industries and how filmmakers are responding to the climate crisis. We will look at the challenges of the 'green' film and the policies and governing bodies paving the way for environmentally sustainable productions. You will be introduced to the tools and practices used in the British film and television industries to help you to ensure your productions are environmentally sustainable.

        3. Primary Reading 6 items
          1. The cinematic footprint: lights, camera, natural resources - Nadia Bozak c2012 (electronic resource)

            Book Essential reading

          2. Environmental Ethics and Film - Pat Brereton Oct 02, 2015 (hardcover)

            Book Essential reading

          3. Ecology and popular film: cinema on the edge - Robin L. Murray, Joseph K. Heumann c2009

            Book Essential reading

          4. Green screen: environmentalism and Hollywood cinema - David Ingram 2000

            Book Essential reading

          5. Film & everyday eco-disasters - Robin L. Murray, Joseph K. Heumann 2014

            Book Essential reading

          6. Greening the Screen: An Environmental Challenge - Ekin Gündüz Özdemirci 03/06/2016

            Article Essential reading

        4. Further Reading 8 items
          1. Consuming environments: television and commercial culture - Mike Budd, Steve Craig, Clayton M. Steinman c1999

            Book Recommended reading

          2. Finite media - Sean Cubitt 2017

            Book Recommended reading

          3. EcoMedia - Sean Cubitt

            Book Recommended reading

          4. The media commons: globalization and environmental discourses - Patrick D. Murphy 2017

            Book Recommended reading

          5. Green media and popular culture: an introduction - John Parham 2016

            Book Recommended reading

          6. Ecocinema theory and practice - Stephen Rust, Salma Monani, Sean Cubitt 2013 (electronic resource)

            Book Recommended reading

    4. Week 17: Cultural rights, copyright and digital technologies (Mike Wayne) 8 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. RiP!: a remix manifesto - Brett Gaylor 2009 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

      2. This week looks at the impact digital technologies have had on copyright. Hollywood, along with the music industry, has been at the forefront of a global battle to protect revenue streams threatened by the close-to-zero cost digital reproduction and dissemination of creative content. The conflict goes to the heart of the contemporary contradiction between private property rights, cultural rights and the digitally enhanced capacity to share.

      3. Reading 6 items
        1. Wired shut: copyright and the shape of digital culture - Tarleton Gillespie c2007 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended reading

        2. Contraband Cinema: Piracy, Titanic, and Central Asia - Barbara Klinger Winter 2010

          Article Recommended reading

    5. Week 18: Reading week, no classes this week 0 items
    6. Week 19: Introduction to Critical Political Economy (MW) 6 items
      1. This session introduces you to critical political economy. This is a form of economic analysis that integrates social and political questions that challenge some of the main assumptions underpinning mainstream (capitalist) economics. We explore how leading trends within the capitalist economy explain the tendencies that shape Hollywood, such as the tendency towards monopoly ownership. We will explore the nature of the cultural commodity and see how it differs from other types of commodities. In the seminar we will explore the political economy of Hollywood's domination of the British market.

      2. Reading 5 items
        1. Marxism goes to the movies - Mike Wayne 2020

          Book Recommended reading

        2. The cultural industries - David Hesmondhalgh 2019

          Book Recommended reading

        3. The political economy of communication - Vincent Mosco, Vincent Mosco 2009

          Book Recommended reading

        4. The Routledge companion to cinema and politics 2016

          Book Recommended reading Read: Janet Wasko ‘Revisiting the political economy of film’

    7. Week 20: TV case study: Euro-crime and quality TV (Leon Hunt) 15 items
      1. Screening 4 items
        1. Gomorrah: The complete season one - Roberto Saviano, Stefano Sillima, Claudio Cupellini, Francesca Comencini 2018 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

        2. Gomorrah: The complete season two - Roberto Saviano, Stefano Sillima, Claudio Cupellini, Francesca Comencini 2018 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

        3. Gomorrah: The complete season three - Roberto Saviano, Stefano Sillima, Claudio Cupellini, Francesca Comencini 2018 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

        4. The Bridge

          Audio-visual document  Log in to Box of Broadcasts in order to view/access this film.

      2. From 'Scandi-noir' to the Italian crime drama, the crime series, particularly from Europe, is a TV format that enjoys global mobility as a form of popular, 'quality' (subtitled) TV. We will examine how selected examples combine generic familiarity with cultural particularity.

      3. Primary Reading: 3 items
        1. The TV crime drama - Sue Turnbull 2014 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading

        2. Quality popular television: cult TV, the industry and fans - Mark Jancovich, James Lyons 2003

          Book Essential reading

      4. Further Reading 7 items
        1. Locating Nordic Noir: from Beck to The bridge - Kim Toft Hansen, Anne Marit Waade 2017

          Book Recommended reading

        2. Quality TV: contemporary American television and beyond - Janet McCabe, Kim Akass 2007

          Book Recommended reading

    8. Week 21: Film case study: Nollywood (Geoff King) 10 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. Living in Bondage - Chris Obi Rapu 1992

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

      2. The Nollywood video film industry has boomed in recent decades, offering an example very different from others examined so far in all three key dimensions explored in this module: located outside dominant industrial frameworks, being founded on the use of old rather than new technologies and also contrasting often at the level of form or of technical competence.

      3. Reading 8 items
        1. Nollywood central - Jade L. Miller 2016

          Book Essential reading

        2. Nollywood: the creation of Nigerian film genres - Jonathan Haynes 2016, Ã2016 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading

        3. World cinema: a critical introduction - Shekhar A. Deshpande, Meta Mazaj 2018 (electronic resource)

          Book Essential reading Read: chapter 6, ‘African Cinema and Nollywood’

        4. The Routledge companion to world cinema

          Chapter Essential reading Read: Jeffrey Geiger, ‘Media refashioning: from Nollywood to New Nollywood’

        5. Creative industries and informal economies - Ramon Lobato 07/2010

          Article Essential reading

        6. Nollywood: Prisms and Paradigms. - Jude Akudinobi 2015

          Article Essential reading

    9. Week 22: Case study: What did the camera say to the film director? Technics and Causality: the case of the GoPro (Ramon Bloomberg) 11 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. Leviathan - Lucien Castaing-Taylor, Vâerâena Paravel, Cinema Guild 2013 (videorecording)

          Audio-visual document Essential reading

      2. In this session we will explore the question of causality and technical development in the context of cinema. Does the film-maker choose the tools, or do the tools choose the film-maker? There might not be one answer to this question. During the session we will screen and discuss the work of Harvard's sensory ethnography lab and in particular the 2012 film Leviathan, directed by Lucien Castaing-Taylor and Verena Paravel.

      3. Primary Reading 2 items
        1. Leviathan and the Experience of Sensory Ethnography - Christopher Pavsek 05/2015

          Article Essential reading

        2. The World Made Flesh - Irina Leimbacher Mar/Apr, 2014

          Article Essential reading

      4. Further Reading 7 items
        1. A History of Transhumanist Thought - Nick Bostrom 01/04/2005

          Article Recommended reading Nick Bostrom, A History of Transhumanist Thought,

        2. The Palgrave handbook of posthumanism in film and television

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 11, pp. 99-108, Chimeras and Hybrids: The Digital Swarms of the Posthuman Image

        3. The address of the eye: a phenomenology of film experience - Vivian Carol Sobchack c1992

          Book Recommended reading

        4. The visible and the invisible: followed by working notes - Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Claude Lefort 1968

          Book Recommended reading

    10. Week 23: Animation (Caroline Ruddell) 12 items
      1. Screening 1 item
        1. Who framed Roger Rabbit - Robert Zemeckis 2003 (videorecording)

          Book Essential reading

      2. To the casual observer, animation is often seen as a small subset to live-action in both the film and television industries and in film and television scholarship. This is an idea that this session will challenge. We will chart the development of animation in early cinema where it was not seen as 'different' to live-action into the Studio era where Disney and the Fleischer Studios became prominent animation producers. We will focus primarily however on how pervasive animation is across the media industries in a contemporary context, looking at a period from the 1980s (which Paul Wells argues is a period of the 'reclamation' of animation) into the dominance of computer generated imagery.

      3. Primary Reading: 3 items
        1. Understanding animation - Paul Wells 1998

          Book Essential reading Read: Introduction

        2. Understanding animation - Paul Wells 1998

          Book Essential reading ‘Chapter 1: Thinking about Animated Film'

        3. The animation studies reader 2019

          Book Essential reading Lilly Husbands and Caroline Ruddell (2018) ‘Approaching Animation and Animation Studies’

      4. Further Reading: 7 items
        1. The animation studies reader 2019

          Book Recommended reading This collection should generally be useful.

        2. Introduction to film studies - Jill Nelmes 2012

          Book Recommended reading see section ‘The Language of Animation’

        3. Animation - M. Furniss Jan 05, 2017 (hardcover)

          Book Recommended reading

        4. Animation: art & industry 2012 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended reading

        5. Before Mickey: the animated film, 1898-1928 - Donald Crafton 1993

          Book Recommended reading

        6. Moving Innovation - Tom Sito Aug 21, 2015 (paperback)

          Book Recommended reading

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