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  1. Attendance and Engagement

     

    All students are expected to attend classes regularly as those who fail to attend classes often get lower marks than those who do attend, and actively participate. It is in class where students learn subject matter and skills that they will be assessed on and when writing references members of staff often comment on a student's performance in classes. If you miss classes due to unforeseen circumstances it is good practice to contact your Personal Tutor.

  2. Reading Guide 12 items
    1. Required Reading

      Students are expected to read all the required readings before each class. A list of optional, additional readings is also given to provide a point of entry into the wider literature for those who wish to know more and as a point of departure for initiating deeper research efforts for your final essay.

       

      Further Reading

      Each topic provides a range of additional, optional readings you may wish to examine should you want to mine down deeper into any of topics, and to provide you with a point of departure into the wider literature on the topic at hand.

    2. Required Textbooks: 4 items
      1. Secret intelligence: a reader - Christopher M. Andrew, Richard J. Aldrich, Wesley K. Wark 2009

        Book Essential reading

      2. Intelligence and government in Britain and the United States: a comparative perspective - Philip H. J. Davies c2012

        Book Essential reading NB 2 volumes (the e-book contains both)

      3. Understanding and Intelligence Support to Joint Operations - Ministry of Defence : Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre 2011

        Document Essential reading

      4. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading

    3. Strongly Recommended: 3 items
      1. MI6 and the machinery of spying - Philip H. J. Davies 2003

        Book Recommended reading

    4. Main Journals: 4 items
      1. Studies in Intelligence

        Website Recommended reading currently: https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/author-combine.htm

      2. On-Line Sources:

        On-line sources given in this course booklet with also be linked directly from the module's Blackboard page

  3. Readings by Lecture Topic

  4. What is Intelligence? 19 items
    1. Required Readings: 6 items
      1. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading Read: pp.9-15; 114-118.

      2. Silent warfare: understanding the world of intelligence - Abram N. Shulsky, Gary James Schmitt 2002

        Book Essential reading ch.1, pp.159-167.

      3. Wanted: a definition of 'Intelligence' - Michael Warner 2002

        Document Essential reading also Ch.1 in Secret Intelligence: a Reader. JK468.I6S42 2009

      4. Understanding and Intelligence Support to Joint Operations - Ministry of Defence : Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre 2011

        Document Recommended reading pp.1-3 – 1-9

    2. Further Reading 13 items
      1. Strategic intelligence for American national security - Bruce D. Berkowitz, Allan E. Goodman c1989

        Book Recommended reading UB251.U5B47 pp.30-39

      2. Best truth: intelligence in the information age

        Chapter Recommended reading Read chapter 3. pp 58-98 QA76.9.A25B47

      3. Ideas of intelligence: divergent national concepts and institutions - Philip Davies 01.10.2002

        Article Recommended reading also ch.2 in Secret Intelligence: a Reader. JK468.I6S42 2009

      4. Intelligence and policy: a comment - Michael Herman

        Article Recommended reading rejoinder to Hibbert (below)

      5. Strategic intelligence for American national security - Bruce D. Berkowitz, Allan E. Goodman c1989

        Book Recommended reading UB251.U5B47 pp.185-192

      6. Intelligence and policy - R Hibbert

        Article Recommended reading

      7. Annual Report 2003-2004 - Intelligence and Security Committee 2004

        Document Recommended reading

      8. World of secrets: the uses and limits of intelligence

        Chapter Recommended reading Read pp. 20-27, The Intelligence Cycle.

      9. Securing the state

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 5, pp 113-137, The Intelligence cycle

      10. Intelligence, terrorism and civil liberties - K. G. Robertson 1987

        Article Recommended reading

      11. A distinctive U.S. intelligence identity - Michael A. Turner 01/2004

        Article Recommended reading

  5. The Great Intelligence Cycle Debate 7 items
    1. Required Readings 7 items
      1. Strategic intelligence for American national security - Bruce D. Berkowitz, Allan E. Goodman c1989

        Book Essential reading The Intelligence Cycle: a Checklist of What can Go Wrong’, Appendix A

      2. Secret intelligence: a reader - Christopher M. Andrew, Richard J. Aldrich, Wesley K. Wark 2009

        Book Essential reading pp.21-25.

      3. Strategic intelligence for American national security - Bruce D. Berkowitz, Allan E. Goodman c1989

        Book Essential reading The Intelligence Cycle: a Checklist of What can Go Wrong’, Appendix A

      4. Understanding the intelligence cycle 2014

        Book Essential reading Philip H.J. Davies, Kristian Gustafson and Ian Rigden ‘The Intelligence Cycle is Dead, Long Live the Intelligence Cycle: Rethinking Intelligence Fundamentals for a New Intelligence Doctrine’

      5. Understanding and Intelligence Support to Joint Operations - Ministry of Defence : Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre 2011

        Document Essential reading Ch.3

      6. What's wrong with the Intelligence Cycle - Arthur S. Hulnick 12/2006

        Article Essential reading

  6. Collection Systems and Discplines 6 items
    1. Required Readings 6 items
      1. Understanding and Intelligence Support to Joint Operations - Ministry of Defence : Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre 2011

        Document Essential reading pp.3-14 – 3-18

      2. Analyzing intelligence: origins, obstacles, and innovations - Roger Z. George, James B. Bruce, Georgetown University. Center for Peace and Security Studies c2008

        Book Essential reading Foreign Denial and Deception: Analytical Imperatives’

      3. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading pp.61-99.

      4. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading ch.8,9.10.

      5. British Intelligence Failures in Iraq - John N.L. Morrison 08/2011

        Article Essential reading

  7. Human Intelligence 11 items
    1. Required Readings 5 items
      1. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading pp.61-66.

      2. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading Human Intelligence’ ch.9

      3. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading ch.19. Stout, Mark. ‘Émigré Intelligence Reporting: Sifting Fact from Fiction’

      4. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading ch.17. West, Nigel. ‘Cold War Intelligence Defectors’

      5. Review of intelligence on weapons of mass destruction - Frederick Edward Robin Butler, Great Britain 2004

        Book Essential reading pp.8-10

    2. Further Reading 6 items
      1. Educing information: interrogation--science and art : foundations for the future : phase 1 report - Center for Strategic Intelligence Research (U.S.), United States. Intelligence Science Board, Federation of American Scientists 2006

        Book Recommended reading

      2. MI6: the history of the Secret Intelligence Service, 1909-1949 - Keith Jeffery 2011

        Book Recommended reading JN329.I6J43 2011.

      3. Tolkachev, A Worthy Successor to Penkovsky - Barry G. Royden 2003

        Article Recommended reading

      4. Silent warfare: understanding the world of intelligence - Abram N. Shulsky, Gary James Schmitt 2002

        Book Recommended reading pp.11-22.

  8. HUMINT Validation Practical 3 items
    1. Weighing the evidence: the BCISS Iraq HUMINT Analytic Matrix Exercise - Philip H. J. Davies, Kristian Gustafson 10/07/2017

      Article Essential reading

  9. SIGINT I: Intercept Principles and Systems 16 items
    1. Required Readings 5 items
      1. All glory is fleeting: SIGINT and the fight against international terrorism - Matthew M Aid 12/2003

        Article Essential reading also in Secret Intelligence, a Reader ch.4.

      2. Brave new world of wiretapping - Whitfield Diffie, Susan Landau 01.09.2008

        Article Essential reading

      3. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading pp.66-72

      4. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading Richelson, Jeffery. ‘The Technical Intelligence of Collection’ ,ch.8 esp. pp.105, 108-111.

    2. Further Reading 11 items
      1. GCHQ: the uncensored story of Britain's most secret intelligence agency - Richard J. Aldrich 2010

        Book Recommended reading

      2. Body of secrets: how America's NSA and Britain's GCHQ eavesdrop on the world - James Bamford 2001

        Book Recommended reading HV7343.B35

      3. The enemy is listening - Aileen Clayton 1982

        Book Recommended reading

      4. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Recommended reading JF1525.I6H47 pp.66-72

      5. New cloak, old dagger: how Britain's spies came in from the cold

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 11, pp 165-177, Ultra Special Intelligence

      6. GCHQ: the secret wireless war, 1900-86 - Nigel West c1986

        Book Recommended reading UB251.G7W46.

  10. SIGINT II: SIGINT in Cyberspace 6 items
    1. Required Reading 4 items
      1. Privacy and Security: A modern and transparent legal framework - Intelligence and Security Committee 2015

        Document Essential reading pp.17-72.

    2. Recommended Reading 2 items
      1. The cuckoo's egg: tracking a spy through the maze of computer espionage - Clifford Stoll 1991

        Book Recommended reading

  11. Imagery and Geospatial Intelligence 14 items
    1. Required Readings 6 items
      1. The art and science of photoreconnaissance - Dino A. Brugioni 03/1996

        Article Essential reading Brugioni, Dino A. ‘The Art and Science of Photoreconnaissance’ Scientific American 274:3 (March 1995).

      2. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading pp. 72-78

      3. Aerospace reconnaissance - Geoffrey J. Oxlee 1997

        Book Essential reading ch.6 ‘Imagery Analysis’ (scanned PDF on BBL)

    2. Further Reading 8 items
      1. Shooting the front: allied aerial reconnaissance and photographic interpretation on the Western Front--World War I - Terrence J. Finnegan, Center for Strategic Intelligence Research (U.S.) 2006

        Book Recommended reading D600.F56.

      2. The Remote Sensing Tutorial - Nicholas Short

        Document Recommended reading Go to the website and search for ‘The Remote Sensing Tutorial’

      3. Declassified Satellite Imagery - 1 (via the Wayback Machine) - • US Geological Survey Earth Resource Observation and Science Center

        Website Recommended reading

      4. Declassified Satellite Imagery - 2 (via the Wayback Machine) - • US Geological Survey Earth Resource Observation and Science Center

        Website Recommended reading

  12. Measurement & Signature Intelligence (MASINT) and Cyber 10 items
    1. Required Readings 5 items
      1. Information warfare and the future of the spy - Philip H.J. Davies 01/1999

        Article Essential reading

      2. Introducing social media intelligence (SOCMINT) - David Omand, Jamie Bartlett, Carl Miller 12/2012

        Article Essential reading

      3. Monitoring for nuclear explosions - Paul G Richards, Kim Won-Young 2009

        Article Essential reading

      4. MASINT: the new kid in town - Jeffrey T. Richelson 04/2001

        Article Essential reading

      5. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading Richelson, Jeffery. ‘The Technical Intelligence of Collection’, ch.8 esp. pp.111-116.

    2. Further Readings 5 items
      1. Information warfare and security - Dorothy Elizabeth Robling Denning 1999

        Book Recommended reading U163.D46

      2. #Intelligence - David Omand, Jamie Bartlett, Carl Miller 2012

        Document Recommended reading

      3. Technical intelligence in retrospect: the 2001 anthrax letters powder - Dany Shoham, Stuart M. Jacobsen 12/2007

        Article Recommended reading

      4. The cuckoo's egg: tracking a spy through the maze of computer espionage - Clifford Stoll 1991

        Book Recommended reading UB271.R92H477 (the Hannover Hacker case)

  13. Open-Source Intelligence 8 items
    1. Required Reading 8 items
      1. Understanding and Intelligence Support to Joint Operations - Ministry of Defence : Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre 2011

        Document Essential reading pp.3-19 – 3-21.

      2. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading Ch,1.

      3. Spies - Loch K Johnson Sep/Oct 2000

        Article Essential reading

      4. Sailing the sea of OSINT in the information age: a venerable source in a new era - Stephen C. Mercado 2004

        Document Essential reading also Secret Intelligence: a Reader ch.5.

      5. Open source intelligence in a networked world - Anthony Olcott 2012

        Book Essential reading ch.5 ‘Six Qualities of Information’ (scanned PDF on BBL).

      6. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading Ch. 10, Robert Steele ‘Open Source Intelligence’

  14. Analysis and Finished Intelligence Products 16 items
    1. Required Reading 8 items
      1. The Kent-Kendall Debate of 1949 - Jack Davis 1991

        Document Essential reading

      2. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading ch.3, 6.

      3. Intelligence analysis: is it as good as it gets? - Mark M. Lowenthal, Ronald A. Marks 02/10/2015

        Article Essential reading

      4. The Tradecraft of Analysis. US Intelligence at the Crossroads - MacEachin 1995

        Document Essential reading 63-85 (scanned PDF on BBL).

      5. Know your enemy: how the Joint Intelligence Committee saw the world - Percy Cradock 2002

        Book Essential reading pp.290-303

    2. Recommended Reading 8 items
      1. Intelligence analysis : a target-centric approach - Robert M. Clark 2016

        Book Recommended reading

      2. Know your enemy: how the Joint Intelligence Committee saw the world - Percy Cradock 2002

        Book Recommended reading pp.281-289 (Soviet estimates)

      3. Analyzing intelligence: origins, obstacles, and innovations - Roger Z. George, James B. Bruce, Georgetown University. Center for Peace and Security Studies c2008

        Book Recommended reading

      4. Intelligence requirements for the 1980's: Analysis and Estimates , Vol. 2 - Roy Godson, National Strategy Information Center, Consortium for the Study of Intelligence 1986

        Book Recommended reading

      5. Improving intelligence analysis: bridging the gap between scholarship and practice - Stephen Marrin 2011

        Book Recommended reading JF1525.I6M37 2011

      6. Fixing the facts: national security and the politics of intelligence - Joshua Rovner 2015

        Book Recommended reading ch.6 ‘The Ford Administration and the Team B Affair’ pp.113-136. (scanned PDF on BBL).

      7. Intelligence Analysis in Red and Blue - David G. Muller 02/01/2008

        Article Recommended reading

  15. Practical: Indicator and Warning Exercise. 9 items
    1. Required Reading 9 items
      1. Understanding and Intelligence Support to Joint Operations - Ministry of Defence : Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre 2011

        Document Essential reading pp.3-13 – 3-14; Lexicon-6.

      2. Anticipating surprise - Cynthia M. Grabo 2002

        Document Essential reading esp. ch.2, 5, 9.

      3. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading pp.235-236.

      4. Military intelligence blunders and cover-ups - John Hughes-Wilson 2004

        Book Essential reading UB270.H83 pp.8-15.

      5. Structured analytic techniques for intelligence analysis

        Chapter Essential reading read chapter 6 pp.133-135 Scenarios and Indicators

      6. Structured analytic techniques for intelligence analysis

        Chapter Essential reading Read chapter 6.2, pp; 149-156 Indicators

      7. Structured analytic techniques for intelligence analysis - Richards J. Heuer, Randolph H. Pherson c2015

        Book Essential reading pp 132-40

      8. Structured analytic techniques for intelligence analysis - Richards J. Heuer, Randolph H. Pherson c2015

        Book Essential reading pp.119-121

  16. Covert Action 14 items
    1. Required Reading 5 items
      1. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading ch.21, Daugherty, William. ‘The Role of Covert Action’

      2. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading ch.22, Prados, John. ‘The Future of Covert Action’.

    2. Further Reading 9 items
      1. Executive secrets: covert action and the presidency - William J. Daugherty 2006

        Book Recommended reading JK468.I6D38.

      2. Hostile intent: U.S. covert operations in Chile, 1964-1974 - Kristian Gustafson c2007

        Book Recommended reading JK468.I6G87

      3. Secret intelligence: a reader - Christopher M. Andrew, Richard J. Aldrich, Wesley K. Wark 2009

        Book Recommended reading Ch. 25 Kibbe, Jennifer. ‘Covert Action and the Pentagon’

      4. Bitter fruit: the story of the American coup in Guatemala - Stephen C. Schlesinger, Stephen Kinzer, John H. Coatsworth 2005

        Book Recommended reading F1466.5.S34

      5. Silent warfare: understanding the world of intelligence - Abram N. Shulsky, Gary James Schmitt 2002

        Book Recommended reading Ch. 4

      6. Covert action: the CIA and the limits of American intervention in the postwar world - Gregory Treverton 1988

        Book Recommended reading JK468.16.T74.

  17. Counter-Intelligence 12 items
    1. Required Reading 4 items
      1. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading pp.172-176.

      2. America's increased vulnerability to insider espionage - Lisa A. Kramer, Richards J. Heuer 12/2007

        Article Essential reading

      3. The role, organization, and methods of MI5 - Chris Northcott 21/05/2007

        Article Essential reading

    2. Further Reading 8 items
      1. The storm birds: Soviet postwar defectors - Gordon Brook-Shepherd 1988

        Book Recommended reading DK268.A1B76

      2. The secrets of the service: a story of Soviet subversion of western intelligence - Anthony Glees 1987

        Book Recommended reading UB271.R9G53

      3. Intelligence requirements for the 1980's: domestic intelligence, Vol. 6] - Roy Godson, National Strategy Information Center, Consortium for the Study of Intelligence 1986

        Book Recommended reading UB251.U5I565

      4. British intelligence in the Second World War: Vol. 4: Security and counter-intelligence - F. H. Hinsley, C. A. G. Simkins

        Book Recommended reading D810.S7B75 VOL.4 especially where concerned with Double Cross and its relationship to ISOS

      5. Spy hunter: inside the FBI investigation of the Walker espionage case - Robert W. Hunter c1999

        Book Recommended reading UB271.R92W345

      6. The double-cross system in the war of 1939 to 1945 - J. C. Masterman 1972

        Book Recommended reading D810.S7M38 ch.1-4.

  18. Organisation: Why It Matters 8 items
    1. Required Readings 3 items
      1. The missing dimension's missing dimension - P. H.J. Davies 01/01/2010

        Article Essential reading

      2. Intelligence theory: key questions and debates - Peter Gill, Stephen Marrin, Mark Phythian c2009

        Book Essential reading Hastedt, Glenn P. and Skelley, Douglas, B. ‘Intelligence in a Turbulent World: Insights from Organization Theory' JF1525.I6I58

      3. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading ch.17, 18.

    2. Further Reading 5 items
      1. MI6 and the machinery of spying - Philip H. J. Davies 2003

        Book Recommended reading UB251.G7D38 ch.1

      2. Important "folk theories" in intelligence reorganization - Douglas Orton, Jamie L. Callahan 1995

        Article Recommended reading

      3. The 9/11 Commission report: final report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States - National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States 2004

        Book Recommended reading ch.3, 11, 13.

  19. Organisation Theory I & Organisation Theory II: Bureaucracy, Collegiality and Informal Organisation 12 items
    1. Required Readings 5 items
      1. Intelligence and government in Britain and the United States: a comparative perspective, Volume 1: Evolution of the U.S. intelligence community - Philip H. J. Davies c2012

        Book Essential reading ch4 ‘Intelligence, the Interagency and the Collegiality Dilemma’.

      2. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading pp.268-277, ch.15.

      3. The CIA's bureaucratic dimensions - Stafford T. Thomas 12/1999

        Article Essential reading

      4. From Max Weber: essays in sociology - Max Weber, Hans Gerth, C. Wright Mills c2009 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential reading Weber, Max ‘Bureaucracy’

    2. Further Reading 7 items
      1. Surveillance, power and modernity: bureaucracy and discipline from 1700 to the present day - Christopher Dandeker 1990

        Book Recommended reading HN49.P6D35

      2. Images of organization - Gareth Morgan 2006

        Book Recommended reading Read Chapter 5, pp 115-147, Creating social reality Organizations as cultures.

      3. The new institutionalism in organizational analysis - Walter W. Powell, Paul J. DiMaggio c1991

        Book Recommended reading HM131.N48

      4. Economy and society: an outline of interpretive sociology, Vol.1 - Max Weber, Guenther Roth, Claus Wittich 1978

        Book Recommended reading HM57.W34.VOL.1

      5. Economy and society: an outline of interpretive sociology, Vol.2 - Max Weber, Guenther Roth, Claus Wittich 1978

        Book Recommended reading HM57.W34.VOL.2

  20. Organisation Theory III: Contingency Theory 10 items
    1. Required Readings 3 items
      1. Organization theory: selected classic readings - D. S. Pugh 2007

        Book Essential reading Burns, Tom. ‘Mechanistic and Organismic Structures: Does Context Determine Form?’ HD31.O73.

      2. Intelligence and government in Britain and the United States: a comparative perspective, Volume 1: Evolution of the U.S. intelligence community - Philip H. J. Davies c2012

        Book Essential reading Vol.1 ch4 ‘Intelligence, the Interagency and the Collegiality Dilemma’.

      3. Intelligence power in peace and war - Michael Herman 1996

        Book Essential reading ch.18.

    2. Further Reading 7 items
      1. The management of innovation - Tom Burns, G. M. Stalker 1994

        Book Recommended reading HD31.B883

      2. Matrix management - Kenneth Knight 1977

        Book Recommended reading HD51.M38, esp. ‘Introduction’.

      3. Organization and environment: managing differentiation and integration - Lawrence, Paul R., Lorsch, Jay W., Harvard University 1967

        Book Recommended reading HD38.L38.

      4. Managing diversity and interdependence: an organizational study of multidivisional firms

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 3, pp. 53-79, Achieving effective corporate-divisional relations.

      5. Government departments: an organizational perspective - Douglas Pitt, Brian C. Smith 1981

        Book Recommended reading

  21. Political Models I: Neo-Institutionalism or Core Executive? 8 items
    1. Required Readings 8 items
      1. Conceptual models and the Cuban Missile Crisis - Graham T. Allison 09/1969

        Article Essential reading

      2. A garbage can model of organizational choice - Michael D. Cohen, James G. March, Johan P. Olsen 1972

        Article Essential reading

      3. Intelligence and government in Britain and the United States: a comparative perspective, Volume 2: Evolution of the UK intelligence community - Philip H. J. Davies c2012

        Book Essential reading & Vol.2. Ch.2 ‘The Whitehall Village Market for Intelligence’.

      4. Intelligence and the core Executive - M. J. Smith 01/01/2010

        Article Essential reading

  22. Further Reading 9 items
    1. Essence of decision: explaining the Cuban missile crisis - Graham T. Allison c1971

      Book Recommended reading E183.8.R9A64

    2. A behavioral theory of the firm - Richard M. Cyert, James G. March 1992

      Book Recommended reading HD38.C94

    3. MI6 and the machinery of spying - Philip H. J. Davies 2003

      Book Recommended reading ch.7.

    4. The population ecology of organizations - Michael T. Hannan, John Freeman 1977

      Article Recommended reading

    5. A creature of compromise: the establishment of the DIA - Patrick Neil Mescall 09/1994

      Article Recommended reading

    6. Images of organization - Gareth Morgan 2006

      Book Recommended reading HD31.M668 ch.6

    7. The new institutionalism in organizational analysis - Walter W. Powell, Paul J. DiMaggio c1991

      Book Recommended reading HM131.N48

    8. Prime Minister, cabinet and core executive - R. A. W. (Roderick Arthur William) Rhodes, Patrick Dunleavy 1995

      Book Recommended reading JN405.P74

    9. The core executive in Britain - Martin J. Smith 1999

      Book Recommended reading JN405.S64

  23. Political Models II: Intelligence in Authoritarian Systems: Police, Counter-Intelligence and the Mukhabarat States 9 items
    1. Required Readings 5 items
      1. Chekisty: a history of the KGB

        Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 1, pp 1-17, The formation of the state security tradition

      2. Agents for change: intelligence services in the 21st century - Harold Shukman 2000

        Book Essential reading Intelligence in the Cold War: Lessons and Learning . pp.16-22.

      3. Police state - Brian Chapman 1971

        Book Essential reading Chapter 8

      4. PSI handbook of global security and intelligence: national approaches, Volume 2: Europe, the Middle East, and South Africa - Anthony Stuart Farson, Praeger Security International 2008

        Book Essential reading Russia pp.479-497

    2. Further Readings 4 items
      1. KGB: the inside story of its foreign operations from Lenin to Gorbachev

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1 and 2, pp. 1-42, Tsarist Origins 1565-1917 and The Cheka, Counter-revolution and the 'Lockhart Conspiracy 1917-21.

  24. Political Models III : National Intelligence Culture 8 items
    1. Required Readings 8 items
      1. Organization theory: selected classic readings - Derek Salman Pugh 2007

        Book Essential reading Hofstede, Geert. ‘Motivation, Leadership and Organization: Do American Theories Apply Abroad?’ HD31.O73

      2. Images of organization

        Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 5, pp.115-147, Creating Social Reality Organizations as Cultures.

      3. A distinctive U.S. intelligence identity - Michael A. Turner 01/2004

        Article Essential reading

      4. American exceptionalism and American intelligence - Bradford Westerfield June 1997

        Article Essential reading [scanned pdf on BBL]

  25. International Intelligence Cooperation 17 items
    1. Required Reading 7 items
      1. Secret intelligence: a reader - Christopher M. Andrew, Richard J. Aldrich, Wesley K. Wark 2009

        Book Essential reading Ch. 10

      2. America and the world of intelligence liaison - H. Bradford Westerfield 07/1996

        Article Essential reading

      3. The calculus of intelligence cooperation - Jeffrey T. Richelson 01/1990

        Article Essential reading

    2. Recommended Readings: 10 items
      1. Transformation and Intelligence Liaison - Michael Warner 2004

        Article Recommended reading

  26. Comparative Study of Intelligence 29 items
    1. Required Reading 6 items
      1. Intelligence and government in Britain and the United States: a comparative perspective, Volume 1: Evolution of the U.S. intelligence community - Philip H. J. Davies c2012

        Book Essential reading Vol.1 ch.2. ‘A Comparative Anatomy of Intelligence Institutions’.

      2. Intelligence elsewhere: spies and espionage outside the anglosphere - Philip H. J. Davies, Kristian Gustafson c2013

        Book Essential reading Ch.15 ‘Legacies, Identities, Improvisations and Innovations of Intelligence’ plus at least one chapter from the historical section and two from contemporary systems.

      3. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading ch. 6 Gill, Peter. ‘Knowing the Self, Knowing the Other: the Comparative Analysis of Security Intelligence’

      4. Thinking about intelligence comparatively - Kevin M. O'Connell 2005

        Article Essential reading [scanned PDF on BBL]

    2. Further Reading 7 items
      1. Comparing foreign intelligence: the U.S., the USSR, the U.K., & the Third World - Roy Godson 1988

        Book Recommended reading Adda Bozeman ‘Political Intelligence in Non-Western Societies’ UB250.C65

      2. Policing politics: security intelligence and the liberal democratic state - Peter Gill 1994

        Book Recommended reading JN329.I6G54

      3. States and social revolutions: a comparative analysis of France, Russia and China - Theda Skocpol 1979

        Book Recommended reading HM283.S56 ch.1 (on comparative method)

      4. EU Intelligence Co-operation. A Critical Analysis - Björn Müller-Wille 08/2002

        Article Recommended reading

    3. Some Comparative Cases (sample at will) 16 items
      1. China 2 items
        1. Chinese intelligence in the cyber age - Nigel Inkster 03/2013

          Article Recommended reading

      2. India 4 items
        1. Intelligence elsewhere: spies and espionage outside the anglosphere - Philip H. J. Davies, Kristian Gustafson c2013

          Book Recommended reading The Original Surveillance State: Kautilya’s Arthashastra and Government by Espionage in Classical India pp.49-66

        2. PSI handbook of global security and intelligence: national approaches, Volume 1: The Americas and Asia - Anthony Stuart Farson, Praeger Security International 2008

          Book Recommended reading India pp.247-262

        3. From surprise to reckoning - India. Kargil Review Committee. 2000

          Book Recommended reading Ch.6

      3. Indonesia 2 items
        1. PSI handbook of global security and intelligence: Vol. 1: national approaches - Damien Kingsbury

          Chapter Recommended reading Read pp.247-262, Indonesia.

        2. Intelligence elsewhere: spies and espionage outside the anglosphere - Philip H. J. Davies, Kristian Gustafson c2013

          Book Recommended reading Gill, Peter & Wilson, Lee ‘Intelligence and Security Sector Reform in Indonesia’ pp.157-180.

      4. Iran 3 items
        1. PSI handbook of global security and intelligence: Vol. 2: national approaches - Meir Javedanfar

          Chapter Recommended reading Read pp 533-550, The Islamic Republic of Iran’

        2. Intelligence elsewhere: spies and espionage outside the anglosphere - Philip H. J. Davies, Kristian Gustafson c2013

          Book Recommended reading Wege, Carl Anthony. ‘Iranian Intelligence Organisations’, pp.141-156.

        3. Iran: Internal Politics and U.S. Policy and Options - Congressional Research Service

          Document Recommended reading

      5. Japan 3 items
        1. PSI handbook of global security and intelligence: Vol. 1: national approaches - Anthony Stuart Farson, Praeger Security International 2008

          Book Recommended reading Kitaoke, Hajime. ‘Japan’, Vol.1 pp.263-279

        2. Assessing reform of the Japanese intelligence community - Yoshiki Kobayashi 02/10/2015

          Article Recommended reading

        3. Intelligence elsewhere: spies and espionage outside the anglosphere - Philip H. J. Davies, Kristian Gustafson c2013

          Book Recommended reading Kotani, Ken. ‘A Reconstruction of Japanese Intelligence: Issues and Prospects’, pp.181-198.

      6. Pakistan 2 items
        1. PSI handbook of global security and intelligence: Vol. 1: national approaches - Anthony Stuart Farson, Praeger Security International 2008

          Book Recommended reading Durrani, Asad. ‘Pakistan’. Vol.1 pp.230-246..

        2. Intelligence elsewhere: spies and espionage outside the anglosphere - Philip H. J. Davies, Kristian Gustafson c2013

          Book Recommended reading Johnson, Robert. ‘Pakistan’s Inter-Service Intelligence’, pp.157-180.

  27. Intelligence and Law (Dr. Christian Heitsch, Brunel Law School) 7 items
    1. Required Reading 2 items
      1. Constitutional and administrative law

        Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 25 pp. 553–562 State security and official secrects

      2. Constitutional and administrative law

        Chapter Essential reading Read chapter 22, pp. 476-500, The protection of privacy

    2. Further Reading 5 items
      1. The Intelligence Services Act 1994 - John Wadham 1994

        Article Recommended reading

  28. Oversight and Accountability 24 items
    1. Required Reading 5 items
      1. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading Born, Hans & Wetzling, Thorsten. ‘Intelligence Accountability: the Challenges for Parliaments and Intelligence Services’ ch. 24

      2. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Essential reading Johnson, Loch. ‘A Shock Theory of Congressional Accountability for Intelligence’ ch. 26

    2. Further Reading 19 items
      1. Democratic oversight of intelligence services - Daniel Baldino 2010

        Book Recommended reading JF1525.I6D35 – edited volume, essays give good global coverage from US to Japan.

      2. Making intelligence accountable: legal standards and best practice for oversight of intelligence agencies - Hans Born, Ian Leigh, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces

        Book Recommended reading KM233.8.B67

      3. The open side of secrecy: Britain's Intelligence and Security Committee - Anthony Glees, Philip H. J. Davies, John N. L. Morrison, Social Affairs Unit c2006

        Book Recommended reading JN329.I6G53 esp. ch.3

      4. The open side of secrecy: Britain's Intelligence and Security Committee - Anthony Glees, Philip H. J. Davies, John N. L. Morrison, Social Affairs Unit c2006

        Book Recommended reading JN329.I6G53 esp. ch.5

      5. A season of inquiry: the Senate intelligence investigation - Loch K. Johnson 1985

        Book Recommended reading JK468.I6J63

      6. Handbook of intelligence studies - Loch K. Johnson 2009

        Book Recommended reading Leigh, Ian. ‘The Accountability of Security and Intelligence Agencies’ ch. 5

      7. Secret intelligence: a reader - Christopher M. Andrew, Richard J. Aldrich, Wesley K. Wark 2009

        Book Recommended reading Ott M.C. ‘Partisanship and the Decline of Intelligence Oversight’ ch. 18

      8. Secret intelligence: a reader - Christopher M. Andrew, Richard J. Aldrich, Wesley K. Wark 2009

        Book Recommended reading Phythian, Mark. ‘The British Experience with Intelligence Accountability’ ch. 19

  29. Intelligence Ethics 14 items
    1. Required Reading 6 items
      1. The professional ethics of intelligence analysis - Uri Bar-Joseph 30/11/2010

        Article Essential reading

      2. Secret intelligence: a reader - Christopher M. Andrew, Richard J. Aldrich, Wesley K. Wark 2009

        Book Essential reading Omand, David. ‘Ethical Guidelines in Using Secret Intelligence for Public Security’ ch. 23

      3. Ethics and intelligence: a debate - Sir David Omand, Mark Phythian 03/2013

        Article Essential reading

    2. Further Reading 8 items
      1. Secret intelligence: a reader - Michael Herman

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 22, pp. 382- 394, Ethics and Intelligence after September 2001.

      2. Fair play: the moral dilemmas of spying - James M. Olson 2008

        Book Recommended reading JK468.I6O47

      3. Secret intelligence: a reader - Christopher M. Andrew, Richard J. Aldrich, Wesley K. Wark 2009

        Book Recommended reading Ramsay, Maureen. ‘Can the Torture of Terrorist Suspects be Justified?’ ch. 25

      4. The ethics of espionage - Tony Pfaff, Jeffrey R. Tiel 03/2004

        Article Recommended reading

      5. Silent warfare: understanding the world of intelligence - Abram N. Shulsky, Gary James Schmitt 2002

        Book Recommended reading Ch.7

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