1. Core texts 6 items
    There is no shortage of literature on empires, hegemony and imperialism, yet for this module no textbook exists that would, on its own, suffice. For the purpose of preparing for seminars, and for exam preparation, the following six books will be useful, although it is important that you prioritise the seminar readings. Please try to gain access to at least one of the Howe, Wood, or Münkler. The Agnew is available to all.
    1. Empire: a very short introduction - Stephen Howe 2002

      Book Core (purchase required)

    2. Empire of capital - Ellen Meiksins Wood 2005

      Book Core (purchase required)

    3. Empires: the logic of world domination from Ancient Rome to the United States - Herfried Mèunkler c2007

      Book Core (purchase required)

    4. Hegemony: the new shape of global power - John A. Agnew 2005

      Book Core (purchase required)

    5. American empire: the realities and consequences of U.S. diplomacy - A. J. Bacevich 2002

      Book Core (purchase required)

    6. Imperialism: theoretical directions - Ronald H. Chilcote 2000

      Book Core (purchase required)

  2. Journals 15 items
    1. Academic journals should be one of your primary resources for academic research. Journal articles are frequently more concise than books, and may be more up-to-date. Academic debate over the issues covered in this course was extremely active in the 1980s and '90s (focusing on hegemony) and in the early 2000s (empire). There is therefore a wealth of material to be found in the major international relations journals. Many journal articles are listed in the reading lists below, but you will gain much from browsing. (When you look for journal articles in the library and E-journals catalogues, remember to enter the name of the journal, not author or title.) Journals relevant to this module include

    2. Foreign affairs - Council on Foreign Relations

      Journal Recommended reading

    3. millennium

      Journal Recommended reading

    4. New left review

      Journal Recommended reading

    5. Review of international studies - British International Studies Association

      Journal Recommended reading

  3. Websites 3 items
    1. E-International Relations — the world’s leading open access website for students and scholars of international politics

      Website Recommended reading Claims to be ‘the world’s leading website for IR students.’ Many well written, readable articles by academics and postgraduate students.

    2. Theory Talks

      Website Recommended reading Series of interviews with international relations scholars, many of whom have contributed to the debates covered by this course (Agnew, Wallerstein, Cox, Shaw, Krasner, van der Pijl, Mearsheimer, Harvey).

    3. Political Violence at a Glance

      Website Recommended reading Though a useful resource, the internet cannot substitute for peer-reviewed journal articles and books. Online materials have mostly not been peer reviewed.

  4. Seminar questions and readings 2 items
    Most of the books on the reading lists below are in Brunel Library. But some are not. If you wish to consult books and journals not held in Brunel University Library, you can use most other university libraries for reference through the reciprocal access schemes of which Brunel University London is a member. Alternatively, the Library can obtain material from the British Library through its Inter Library Loans service, at a charge which covers the direct costs paid by the Library for this facility. See www.brunel.ac.uk/services/library/learning/specialist-support/ill for information. For guidance on how to find material which is not held at Brunel University Library see: www.brunel.ac.uk/services/library/academic-staff/using-other-libraries
    1. Interlibrary loans | Brunel University London

      Webpage Recommended reading The costs are now covered by the library but there is a limit on how much you can request per year.

  5. Seminar One. Empires in world history 8 items
    Core reading / viewing
    1. Empire The Russian Empire and Its Rivals - Dominic Lieven

      Article Essential reading Chapter 1

    2. When reading Lieven's chapter, reflect on these questions:
      1. Why were empires once seen as being "in the van of Progress"?
      2. Why did empire later become "a dirty word"?
      3. What is a "syncretic, polytheistic empire"?
      4. Should the Soviet Union be defined as an empire? Why / why not? If it was a 'failed empire', why did it fail?

    3. Watch at least one of:

    4. Vimo

      Audio-visual document Recommended reading

    5. When viewing the videos, consider what each reveals about the history of the world's empires. What do you learn from them? What do they show and what do they obscure? While viewing this/these video(s), start thinking about which empire you'll select for your presentation and essay.

  6. Seminar Two. Ancient Mediterranean empires 4 items
    Core Reading
    1. The Melian Dialogue

      Document Core (purchase required) This is an Open Access document. There is also a version available on Blackboard Learn

    2. If time

    3. Empire: a very short introduction - Stephen Howe 2002

      Book Core (purchase required) pp. 35-50

    4. Empire of capital

      Chapter Core (purchase required) Read Chapter 2, pp. 26-43. The empire of property.

  7. Seminar questions: 1 item
    1.  

      1.       When reading the Melian dialogue, situated during the war between Athens and Sparta (Lacedaemon), reflect on what sense it gives of the character of imperial rivalries in Thucidydes' day. What aspects resemble inter-state behaviour today, and which do not?

       

      2.       Imagine you are either an Athenian or Roman leader (or propagandist or warrior). How might you justify imperial expansion? Write down at least three points. Do the same for an (imagined) imperial subject who was critical of the Athenian/Roman imperial project.

       

      3.       Athens and Rome were city-states, composed of citizens and slaves, and with a similar technological niveau. Why was Athens' empire short-lived whereas Rome's lasted for centuries? In the case of Rome, in what ways was its territorial expansionism facilitated by its republican constitution?

  8. Further reading 32 items
    1. Athens 9 items
      1. Empires

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 3, pp 54-81, Athens and Sparta: Empire and Hegemony.

      2. The Character of the Athenian Empire - G. E. M. de Ste. Croix 1954

        Article Recommended reading

      3. The Athenian empire - Russell Meiggs 1979

        Book Recommended reading

      4. The ancient Greeks - M. I. Finley 1963

        Book Recommended reading

      5. From political economy to anthropology: situating ecomomic life in past societies

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 4, pp 80-104, The Institutional Theory of Trade and the Organization of Intersocial Commerce in Ancient Athens.

      6. A people's history of the world

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Part 2 Ch 4, pp. 63-70. The Greek city states.

      7. Passages from antiquity to feudalism - Perry Anderson 2013

        Book Recommended reading

      8. The Greek world, 479-323 B.C.

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 2, pp. 9-18. The beginning of the Delian League.

      9. The Greek world, 479-323 B.C. - Simon Hornblower 2002

        Book Recommended reading chapter 3

    2. Rome 23 items
      1. The Roman Empire: roots of imperialism - Neville Morley 2010

        Book Recommended reading

      2. Empires - Michael W. Doyle 1986

        Book Recommended reading Chapter 4

      3. The class struggle in the ancient Greek world: from the Archaic Age to the Arab Conquests

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter viii, pp. 453-503. The "Decline and Fall" of the Roman Empire: An explanation.

      4. The sources of social power: Vol.1: A history of power from the beginning to A.D. 1760

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 9, pp. 250-300. The Roman territorial empire.

      5. The sources of social power: Vol.1: A history of power from the beginning to A.D. 1760 - Michael Mann 1986

        Book Recommended reading Chapter 10

      6. Roman imperialism: readings and sources - Craige Brian Champion 2004

        Book Recommended reading

      7. Conquerors and slaves

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp 1-98, Conquerors and Slaves: The Impact of Conquering an Empire on the Political Economy of Italy.

      8. Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 4, pp 53-103, Rome.

      9. A people's history of the world - Chris Harman 1999

        Book Recommended reading part 2 ch. 5.

      10. Social conflicts in the Roman Republic - P. A. Brunt 1982

        Book Recommended reading

      11. The Roman republic - Michael H. Crawford 1992

        Book Recommended reading

      12. The later Roman empire: AD 284-430 - Averil Cameron 1993

        Book Recommended reading

      13. Power and persuasion in late antiquity: towards a Christian empire - Peter Robert Lamont Brown 1992

        Book Recommended reading

      14. Roman imperialism: readings and sources - Craige Brian Champion 2004

        Book Recommended reading

      15. The decline of Rome: the metamorphosis of ancient civilization - Joseph Vogt 1993

        Book Recommended reading

      16. The Roman World, 44 BC-AD 180 - Martin Goodman, Jane Sherwood 1997

        Book Recommended reading

      17. The decline & fall of Roman Britain - Neil Faulkner 2004

        Book Recommended reading

      18. The Roman Empire from Severus to Constantine - Pat Southern 2001

        Book Recommended reading

      19. The Roman conquest of Italy - Jean-Michel David 1996

        Book Recommended reading

      20. The grand strategy of the Roman Empire: from the first century A.D. to the third - Edward Luttwak 1979

        Book Recommended reading

      21. A history of Rome: down to the reign of Constantine - M. Cary, H. H. Scullard 1979

        Book Recommended reading

      22. The Roman Empire and its neighbours - Fergus Millar 1968, c.1967

        Book Recommended reading

  9. Seminar Three. The Ottoman empire 2 items
    Core reading:
    1. Excerpts from ‘The Life and Letters of Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq

      Document Core (purchase required) Excerpts from ‘The Life and Letters of Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq,’ available on BBL

    2.  

      ·         If time: dip into publications from the list below.

  10. Seminar questions 1 item
    1.  

      1.       What were Busbecq's main impressions of the Ottoman military? And of Ottoman society in general?

       

      2.       Why was he thankful for Persia?

       

      3.       How confident can we be of the accuracy of his observations?

       

      4.       In what ways was the Ottoman Empire shaped by religion?

  11. Further reading 25 items
    1. Empire of difference: the Ottomans in comparative perspective - Karen Barkey 2008

      Book Recommended reading

    2. Hegemonic decline: present and past

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 5, pp 135-151, A Perspective on Ottoman Decline.

    3. Formation of the modern state - Rifaʻat Ali Abou-El-Haj 1991

      Book Recommended reading

    4. The Ottoman Empire and the world around it - Suraiya Faroqhi 2005

      Book Recommended reading

    5. Osman's dream: the story of the Ottoman Empire 1300-1923 - Caroline Finkel 2006

      Book Recommended reading

    6. Re-orienting the Renaissance: cultural exchanges with the East

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 8, pp 148-174, The Treacherous Cleverness of Hindsight: Myths of Ottoman Decay.

    7. A history of the Arab peoples

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 13, pp. 209-230. The Ottoman Empire.

    8. A history of the Arab peoples - Albert Hourani, Malise Ruthven 2002, c1991

      Book Recommended reading Part lll

    9. Rethinking Middle East politics: state formation and development

      Chapter Recommended reading Read excerpt from Chapter 2, pp. 46-56, 'From Tributary Empires to States System'

    10. From the ruins of empire: the revolt against the West and the remaking of Asia

      Chapter Recommended reading Read pages 60-73. The "sick man" of Europe, and his dangerous self-therapy,

    11. From the ruins of empire: the revolt against the West and the remaking of Asia - Pankaj Mishra 2012

      Book Recommended reading Read pp. 87-97

    12. The Ottoman Empire and early modern Europe - Daniel Goffman 2002

      Book Recommended reading

    13. The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp. 1-12. Why study Ottoman history?

    14. The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922 - Donald Quataert 2005

      Book Recommended reading esp chs 2-5, 9-10.

    15. Workers, peasants, and economic change in the Ottoman Empire, 1730-1914 - Donald Quataert 1993

      Book Recommended reading

    16. Lineages of the absolutist state

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 7, pp 361-394, The House of Islam.

    17. Empires - Michael W. Doyle 1986

      Book Recommended reading chpt 5.

    18. The Ottoman peoples and the end of empire: historical endings - Justin McCarthy 2001

      Book Recommended reading

    19. Lords of the horizons: a history of the Ottoman Empire - Jason Goodwin 1999

      Book Recommended reading

    20. A history of Eastern Europe: crisis and change - Robert Bideleux, Ian Jeffries 2007

      Book Recommended reading

    21. The decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire - Alan Palmer 1992

      Book Recommended reading

    22. The great war for civilisation: the conquest of the Middle East - Robert Fisk 2006

      Book Recommended reading

  12. Seminar Four.Empires and museums 2 items
    1. Core Reading 2 items
      1. The British Museum Was Built on Coral, Butterflies, and Slavery - Josephine Livingstone August 24, 2017

        Article Core (purchase required)

      2. The whole world in our hands - Neil MacGregor 23/07/2004

        Article Core (purchase required) In defence of the British Museum, by Neil MacGregor, its director

    2. Seminar questions 0 items
      TBA
  13. Seminar Five. West European expansion 3 items
    Core reading
    1. Core Reading 2 items
      1. A brief account of the destruction of the Indies - Bartolomâe de las Casas

        Book Core (purchase required) Excerpts from the book Available in Blackboard

      2. If time/availability: Dip into parts 1 and 3 of the Abernethy book (below), +/or others on the list

    2. Seminar questions 1 item
      1.  

        1.       What motivations does Las Casas impute to the Spanish conquistadores?

         

        2.       How does he characterise the natives of the Caribbean and Central America? How is he critical of them? Why does he take their side?

         

        3.       In the Valladollid debate, what claims do Sepulveda and las Casas make concerning the nature of the natives of Spanish-colonised America? What evidence does each of them mobilise to support their position?

         

        4.       Is it fair to say that the expansion of West European empires between the 15th and 18th centuries was motivated by religion?

         

        5.       If time: What are the central elements of David Abernethy's theory of West European expansion?

         

        6.       If time: What was the relationship between the rise of a capitalist world economy in the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries and the expansion of Western European maritime empires?

  14. Further Reading 11 items
    1. Empire of capital - Ellen Meiksins Wood 2005

      Book Recommended reading chpts 2-5

    2. Empire: a very short introduction

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 3, pp 62-103, Empire by sea.

    3. Coercion, capital, and European states, AD 990-1992

      Chapter Recommended reading Read extract from Chapter 3, pp 84-95, How War Made States, and Vice Versa.

    4. A people's history of the world - Chris Harman 1999

      Book Recommended reading part 4, ch. 2.

    5. Empires - Michael W. Doyle 1986

      Book Recommended reading chs 5,12.

    6. Civilization and capitalism, 15th - 18th Century: Volume 3: The perspective of the world

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 2, pp 89-174, The City-Centred Economies of the European Past: Before and After Venice.

    7. Colonialism: a theoretical overview - Jèurgen Osterhammel 2005

      Book Recommended reading . (Esp chs 1-3, which include useful discussions of the meanings of colonialism, informal empire, imperialism.)

    8. Political economy of merchant empires : state power and world trade 1350-1750

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 3, pp. 117-160. The Rise of Merchant Empires, 1400-1700: A European Counterpoint

    9. Power over peoples: technology, environments, and western imperialism, 1400 to the present - Daniel R. Headrick c2010

      Book Recommended reading early chapters only

  15. Seminar Six. Sugar and slavery 4 items
    1. Core Reading 4 items
      1. If time watch

  16. Seminar questions: 1 item
    1.  

      1.       What links existed between Britain's imperial expansion and the food and beverages industries?

       

      2.       To what extent did Britain's industrialisation depend on slavery?

  17. Further reading: 13 items
    1. Capitalism & slavery ; introduction by D. W. Brogan

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp. 3-29. The origin of negro slavery.

    2. Capitalism & slavery - Eric Eustace Williams 1964

      Book Recommended reading chps. 3 and 13, pp. , 51-84, 209-212

    3. Slavery, Atlantic trade and the British economy, 1660-1800 - Kenneth Morgan, Economic History Society c2000

      Book 

    4. Capitalism and slavery after fifty years - Seymour Drescher 12/1997

      Article Recommended reading

    5. Sweetness and power: the place of sugar in modern history - Sidney W. Mintz 1985

      Book Recommended reading

    6. Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How It Transformed Our World - Mark Pendergrast

      Document Recommended reading Chapter 1 of Mark Pendergrast

    7. The making of New World slavery: from the Baroque to the modern, 1492-1800 - Robin Blackburn 1997

      Book Recommended reading

    8. The Importance of Slavery and the Slave Trade to Industrializing Britain - David Eltis, Stanley L. Engerman 2000-3

      Article Recommended reading

    9. Romanticism and colonialism: writing and empire, 1780-1830

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 6, pp 87-106, Blood Sugar.

    10. The Oxford history of the British Empire: Volume II: The eighteenth century

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 20, pp 440-464, The British Empire and the Atlantic Slave Trade.

    11. The sugar industry and the abolition of the slave trade, 1775-1810 - Selwyn H. H. Carrington c2002

      Book Recommended reading

    12. Caribbean rum: a social and economic history - Frederick H. Smith 2008

      Book Recommended reading

  18. Seminar Seven. The British Empire: ‘Imperialism of free trade’? 4 items
    1. Core Reading 4 items
      1. The Imperialism of Free Trade - John Gallagher, Ronald Robinson 1953

        Article Core (purchase required)

      2. If time

      3. The Trouble With Empire The Trouble With Rise-and-Fall Narratives - Antoinette Burton November 25, 2015

        Article Core (purchase required)

      4. The Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England Explained - YouTube

        Audio-visual document Core (purchase required) Those who are unsure of the differences among England, Britain and the UK should watch this video explainer

  19. Seminar questions: 2 items
    1.  

      1.       On what grounds do Gallagher and Robinson describe Britain's imperial strategy in the nineteenth century as the 'imperialism of free trade'? What do they mean by it? Is it a useful designation? Why/why not?

       

      2.       What sorts of opposition did Britain's empire builders face?

       

      3.       If time: In Empire of Capital, Ellen Wood argues that Britain pioneered a new, distinctively capitalist form of empire. How does she propose that capitalist relations informed the nature of Britain's empire?

    2. Empire of capital - Ellen Meiksins Wood 2005

      Book Essential reading chpt 4.

  20. Further reading 31 items
    1. Late Victorian holocausts: El Niäno famines and the making of the third world

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 9, pp 280-210, The Origins of the Third World.

    2. Late Victorian holocausts: El Niäno famines and the making of the third world - Mike Davis 2001

      Book Recommended reading Preface and chs 1, 5, 10.

    3. Britain's empire: resistance, repression and revolt - Richard Gott 2011

      Book Recommended reading

    4. British imperialism: innovation and expansion 1688-1914 - P. J. Cain, A. G. Hopkins 1993

      Book Recommended reading

    5. From the East India Company to the Suez Canal - Mia Carter, Barbara Harlow 2003 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended reading

    6. The empire project: the rise and fall of the British world-system, 1830-1970 - John Darwin 2009

      Book Recommended reading

    7. Inglorious empire: what the British did to India - Shashi Tharoor 2018

      Book Recommended reading

    8. Captives: Britain, Empire and the world, 1600-1850 - Linda Colley 2003

      Book Recommended reading

    9. The British Empire: a very short introduction - Ashley Jackson 2013

      Book Recommended reading

    10. Empire and others: British encounters with indigenous peoples, 1600-1850

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapters 1, pp. Introduction: British identities, indigenous peoples, and the Empire.

    11. Empire and others: British encounters with indigenous peoples, 1600-1850 - Rick Halpern, M. J. Daunton 1999

      Book Recommended reading Chapter 2-3

    12. The Imperialist Character - Hannah Arendt 1950-7

      Article Recommended reading

    13. Studies in the theory of imperialism

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 5, pp 117-142, Non-European foundations of European imperialism: sketch for a theory of collaboration.

    14. The Imperialism of Free Trade: Some Reservations - D. C. M. Platt 08/1968

      Article Recommended reading

    15. Empires - Michael W. Doyle 1986

      Book Recommended reading chs 5, 11.

    16. Empire & emancipation: power and liberation on a world scale - Jan P. Nederveen Pieterse 1989

      Book Recommended reading Chapter 6

    17. The decline and fall of the British Empire, 1781-1997 - Piers Brendon 2008

      Book Recommended reading

    18. The long twentieth century: money, power, and the origins of our times

      Chapter Recommended reading Read extract from Chapter 2, pp 159-162, The Rise of Capital.

    19. The blood never dried: a people's history of the British Empire - John Nesinger 2006

      Book Recommended reading

    20. Two hegemonies: Britain 1846-1914 and the United States 1941-2001 - Patrick Karl O?Brien, Armand Clesse c2002

      Book Recommended reading

    21. The age of empire, 1875-1914

      Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 3, pp 56-83, The Age of Empire.

    22. British imperialism: innovation and expansion 1688-1914 - P. J. Cain, A. G. Hopkins 1993

      Book Recommended reading

    23. British imperialism: crisis and deconstruction, 1914-1990 - P. J. Cain, A. G. Hopkins 1993

      Book Recommended reading

    24. Global expansion: Britain and its empire, 1870-1914 - Willie Thompson 1999

      Book Recommended reading

    25. The lion's share: a short history of British Imperialism, 1850-2004 - Bernard Porter 2004

      Book Recommended reading

    26. British counterinsurgency: from Palestine to Northern Ireland - John Newsinger c2002

      Book Recommended reading

    27. Empire: the rise and demise of the British world order and the lessons for global power - Niall Ferguson, Niall Ferguson 2004

      Book Recommended reading

    28. Sinews of empire: networks in the Roman Near East and beyond 2017, Ã2017 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended reading Unwin Hyman. ch 6

    29. Anarchy - Dalrymple William Dalrymple 2019

      Book Recommended reading

  21. Seminar Eight. Settler colonialism 2 items
    1. Core Reading 2 items
      1. Settler colonialism and the elimination of the native - Patrick Wolfe 12/2006

        Article Core (purchase required)

    2. Seminar questions 0 items
      TBA
  22. Seminar Nine. The end of Empire 9 items
    1. Core reading 2 items
      1. Unfinished empire: the global expansion of Britain

        Chapter Core (purchase required) Read first sub-section, of Chapter 1, pp. 1-13. In history's rear window.

      2. Britain's Noxious History of Imperial Warfare. - NEWSINGER, JOHN1 2013

        Article Core (purchase required)

    2. Seminar questions 1 item
      1.  

        1.       Given that significant swathes of the world have been run on imperial lines for much of the last two millennia, are historians of empire today guilty of over-emphasising the coercive and racist character of the European empires of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries?

         

        2.       Why was the twentieth century's greatest wave of decolonisation concentrated in the two decades following World War Two?

    3. Further reading 6 items
      1. Imperial endgame: Britain's dirty wars and the end of empire - Benjamin Grob-Fitzgibbon 2011

        Book Recommended reading

      2. Decolonization: perspectives from now and then - Prasenjit Duara 2004

        Book Recommended reading esp chpt by Bruce Cumings, ‘Colonial Formations and Deformations'

      3. Colonialism: a theoretical overview - Jèurgen Osterhammel 2005

        Book Recommended reading Chpt 10.

      4. No enchanted palace: the end of empire and the ideological origins of the United Nations - Mark Mazower c2009

        Book Recommended reading

      5. The blood never dried: a people's history of the British Empire - John Nesinger 2006

        Book Recommended reading

  23. Seminar Ten. The US and other empires: comparisons and contrasts 18 items
    1. Core Reading 5 items
      1. The US is now rediscovering the pitfalls of aspirational imperialism - Linda Colley

        Webpage Core (purchase required) Linda Colley, ‘The US is now rediscovering the pitfalls of aspirational imperialism

      2. Jonathan Freedland: Rome, AD ... Rome, DC? - Jonathan Freedland 18/09/2002

        Article Core (purchase required)

      3. America: The New Roman Empire? - Peter Bender 12/2003

        Article Core (purchase required)

      4. If Time 

    2. Seminar question: 1 item
      1.  

        Zbigniew Brzezinski has proposed that "In the aftermath of World War II the USA created a system that in many respects resembled the British, Roman, and Chinese empires of the past". To what ways, if any, did the post-war system of US hegemony resemble the Roman, Chinese, and British empires?

    3. Further reading 12 items
      1. Among empires: American ascendancy and its predecessors - Charles Maier 2006

        Book Recommended reading

      2. The sorrows of empire: militarism, secrecy and the end of the republic

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp 15-37, Imperialisms, Old and New.

      3. Are we Rome?: the fall of an empire and the fate of America - Cullen Murphy 2007

        Book Recommended reading

      4. Two hegemonies: Britain 1846-1914 and the United States 1941-2001 - Patrick Karl O?Brien, Armand Clesse c2002

        Book Recommended reading

      5. Chaos and governance in the modern world system

        Chapter Recommended reading Read extract from Chapter 1, pp 82-84, Geopolitics and High Finance.

      6. The new imperialism - David Harvey 2003

        Book Recommended reading

      7. The American 'empire' and other studies of US foreign policy in a comparative perspective

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 2, pp 39-62, The American "Empire" 1945-1990: 1945 - Early 1960s: The Heyday of the American "Empire".

      8. Empire for liberty: a history of American imperialism from Benjamin Franklin to Paul Wolfowitz - Richard H. Immerman c2010

        Book Recommended reading

      9. Hegemony or Empire? - Niall Ferguson, Patrick Karl O'Brien, Armand Clesse 2003

        Article Recommended reading

      10. The Americas: the history of a hemisphere

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 6, pp 131-155, The American Century.

  24. Seminar Eleven. Informal empire and ‘empire by invitation’ 40 items
    1. Core reading 2 items
      1. Birth of an Imperial Nation - Gabriel Winant 2017

        Article Core (purchase required)

    2. Seminar questions 3 items
      1.  

        1.        Is it accurate to describe the USA in the nineteenth century as 'expansionary'? In what sense? Was the USA an empire already at its birth?

         

        2.        What techniques of 'informal empire' did Washington develop in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries? Was the US policy of the 'open door' a reprise of Britain's 'imperialism of free trade'?

         

        3.       What explains the USA's 'rise to globalism' in the second half of the twentieth century?

      2. The endgame of globalization - Neil Smith 2005

        Book Recommended reading

      3. Super imperialism: the origin and fundamentals of U.S. world dominance - Michael Hudson 2003

        Book Recommended reading

    3. Further reading 35 items
      1. The tragedy of American diplomacy

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 3, pp 90-107, The Rising Tide of Revolution

      2. Rise to globalism: American foreign policy since 1938 - Stephen E. Ambrose, Douglas Brinkley 2011

        Book Recommended reading

      3. Empire by integration: the United States and European integration, 1945-1997 - Geir Lundestad 1998

        Book Recommended reading

      4. America : the new imperialism: from white settlement to world hegemony - V. G. Kiernan 1978

        Book Recommended reading

      5. First great triumph: how five Americans made their country a world power - Warren Zimmermann 2002

        Book Recommended reading

      6. Super imperialism: the origin and fundamentals of U.S. world dominance - Michael Hudson 2003

        Book Recommended reading

      7. The United States and imperialism - Frank A. (Frank Anthony) Ninkovich 2001

        Book Recommended reading esp chs 1, 5, 6.

      8. The United States and imperialism

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp 9-47, Imperialism and National Identity in the 1890s.

      9. The American age: United States foreign policy at home and abroad : 1750 to the present - Walter LaFeber c1994

        Book Recommended reading

      10. Surprise, security, and the American experience - John Lewis Gaddis 2004

        Book Recommended reading

      11. States versus markets: the emergence of a global economy

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 13, pp 281-300, US Hegemony: Declining from Below?

      12. States versus markets: the emergence of a global economy - Herman M. Schwartz 2000

        Book Recommended reading Read Chapter 14, pp 301-318, US Hegemony: Reviving or Declining from the Top Down?

      13. A calculus of power: [grand strategy in the twenty-first century] - Peter Gowan 2010

        Book Recommended reading

      14. The American empire and the fourth world - Tony Hall 2005, c2003

        Book Recommended reading

      15. In praise of empires: globalization and order - Deepak Lal 2004

        Book Recommended reading

      16. The imperial tense: prospects and problems of American empire

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Maier, Charles S., pp 202-210, Imperial Limits

      17. America's global advantage: US hegemony and international cooperation - Carla Norrlof 2010

        Book Recommended reading

      18. The endgame of globalization - Neil Smith 2005

        Book Recommended reading

      19. Pox Americana: exposing the American Empire

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp. 12-21. Kipling, the "White Man's burden," and U.S. Imperialism

      20. Pox Americana: exposing the American Empire - John Bellamy Foster, Robert Waterman McChesney 2004

        Book Recommended reading Chpts. 2-3, 5, 6, 8, 16

      21. The paradox of American power: why the world's only superpower can't go it alone - Joseph S. Nye 2003

        Book Recommended reading

      22. An empire if you can keep it: power and principle in American foreign policy - Thomas M. Magstadt 2004

        Book Recommended reading

      23. America's failing empire: U.S. foreign relations since the Cold War - Warren I. Cohen 2005

        Book Recommended reading

      24. Imperialism and global political economy - Alex Callinicos 2009

        Book Recommended reading

      25. U.S. Hegemony Today - Peter Gowan 2003

        Article Recommended reading

      26. The first failed empire of the 21st century - Michael Mann 10/2004

        Article Recommended reading

      27. Hegemony or empire?: the redefinition of US power under George W. Bush - Charles Philippe David, David Grondin 2006

        Book Recommended reading

      28. US hegemony and international organizations - Rosemary Foot, S. Neil MacFarlane, Michael Mastanduno 2003

        Book Recommended reading

      29. America's inadvertent empire - William E. Odom, Robert Dujarric 2004

        Book Recommended reading

      30. Super imperialism: the origin and fundamentals of U.S. world dominance - Michael Hudson 2003

        Book Recommended reading

      31. The Future of the American Empire. - Susan Strange

        Article Recommended reading

  25. Seminar Twelve. The US and the ‘Global South’ 19 items
    1. Core reading 3 items
      1. The Invisible Hand of the American Empire - Robert Hunter Wade 2003-9

        Article Core (purchase required)

      2. If Time 

      3. Dependent state formation and Third World militarization - Alexander Wendt, Michael Barnett 10/1993

        Article Core (purchase required)

    2. Seminar questions 1 item
      1.  

        1.       Post-WW2, the US sought to institute an 'open door world'. It had formidable resources at its disposal to achieve that goal. To what extent was it fulfilled?

         

        2.       Were the organisations of global governance, such as the IMF and the World Bank, established as institutions of 'American empire'?

         

        3.       Is it accurate to say that the US has been hegemonic in the 'North' but imperial in the 'South'?

         

        4.       In what ways does 'security assistance' contribute to the construction of informal empire?

    3. Further reading 15 items
      1. The Cold War 8 items
        1. For the soul of mankind: the United States, the Soviet Union, and the Cold War - Melvyn P. Leffler 2007

          Book Recommended reading

        2. Global rivalries: from the Cold War to Iraq - Kees van der Pijl c2006

          Book Recommended reading

        3. A failed empire: the Soviet Union in the Cold War from Stalin to Gorbachev - V. M. Zubok, ProQuest (Firm) c2007 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended reading

        4. The Global Cold War: third world interventions and the making of our times - Odd Arne Westad 2007

          Book Recommended reading

        5. Mandarins of the future: modernization theory in Cold War America - Nils Gilman 2007, c2003

          Book Recommended reading

      2. Alliances 2 items
        1. Hierarchy in international relations - David A. Lake 2011, c2009

          Book Recommended reading

        2. Alliance curse: how America lost the Third World - Hilton L. Root c2008 (electronic resource)

          Book Recommended reading

      3. Structuralism 5 items
        1. A Structural Theory of Imperialism - Johan Galtung 06/1971

          Article Recommended reading

        2. Perspectives on world politics: a reader

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 3.2, pp 292-304, A structural theory of imperialism.

        3. Dependency theory: a critical reassessment

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp 2--78, Dependency and Development: a critical overview’.

        4. Imperialism and global political economy - Alex Callinicos 2009

          Book Recommended reading

        5. Global capitalism and American empire - Leo Panitch, Sam Gindin 2004

          Book Recommended reading

  26. Seminar Thirteen. US power projection in the twenty-first century 30 items
    1. Core reading 1 item
      1. Empire by Denial? Debating US Power - Michael Cox 06/2004

        Article Core (purchase required)

    2. Seminar questions 1 item
      1.  

        1.       "The American Empire," says Michael Cox, "still has a good deal of life left in it." Benjamin Barber replies that empires have been replaced by 'interdependence' and globalisation. Are either of them right?

         

        2.       Does characterising foreign policy under Clinton as 'liberal internationalist' and foreign policy under G.W. Bush as 'neo-conservative' understate the continuities between the two administrations?

         

        3.       To what extent did a 'turn to empire' occur during the G.W. Bush administration? How far, if at all, was this 'turn' reversed under Obama?

         

        4.       Has the 'War on Terror' achieved its aims?

    3. Reading 25 items
      1. What's at Stake in the American Empire Debate - Daniel H. Nexon and Thomas Wright 2007

        Article Recommended reading

      2. Is the American Century Over? - Joseph S. Nye 09/2015

        Article Recommended reading

      3. American power in the twenty-first century - David Held, Mathias Koenig-Archibugi 2004

        Book 

      4. Hegemony Unravelling-1 - Giovanni Arrighi 2005

        Article Recommended reading

      5. American foreign policy and its thinkers - Perry Anderson 2017

        Book Recommended reading

      6. US foreign policy after the Cold War: global hegemon or reluctant sheriff? - Fraser Cameron 2002

        Book Recommended reading

      7. Blowback: the costs and consequences of American empire

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp. 3-34. Blowback.

      8. Blowback: the costs and consequences of American empire - Chalmers Johnson 2002

        Book Recommended reading Esp prologue, and chs. 10; (also chs 2, 3, 9).

      9. American power: from ‘compellance’ to cosmopolitanism? - Mary Kaldor 01/2003

        Article Recommended reading

      10. Blood and oil: the dangers and consequences of America's growing dependency on imported petroleum - Metropolitan Books, Michael T. Klare 2005

        Book Recommended reading

      11. American power and the prospects for international order - Simon Bromley 2008

        Book Recommended reading

      12. Empire's law: the American imperial project and the 'war to remake the world'

        Chapter Recommended reading (esp ch 1 on US empire (scan attached) and ch 15 on “humanitarian intervention”)

      13. Why we're losing the war on terror - Paul Rogers 2008

        Book Recommended reading

      14. Naked Imperialism. 2005

        Article Recommended reading

      15. The shock doctrine: the rise of disaster capitalism

        Chapter Recommended reading Read chapter 15, pp. 308-322. A corporate state.

      16. The shock doctrine: the rise of disaster capitalism - Naomi Klein 2008

        Book Recommended reading Chapters 16-18

      17. A New Age of Liberal Imperialism? - David Rieff 1999

        Article Recommended reading

      18. The age of war: the United States confronts the world - Gabriel Kolko 2006

        Book Recommended reading

      19. The end of victory culture: cold war America and the disillusioning of a generation - Tom Engelhardt 2007

        Book Recommended reading

      20. The bases of empire: the global struggle against U.S. military posts - Catherine Lutz 2009

        Book Recommended reading

      21. Global energy security and American hegemony - Doug Stokes, Sam Raphael 2010

        Book 

    4. Also of interest are the memoirs of insiders, such as US presidents or officials. See for example: 3 items
      1. Confessions of an economic hit man - John Perkins 2004, 2006

        Book 

      2. Against all enemies: inside America's war on terror - Richard A. Clarke 2004

        Book Recommended reading

      3. Plan of attack - Bob Woodward 2004

        Book Recommended reading

  27. Seminar Fourteen. Early 20th century theories of imperialism 34 items
    1. Core Reading 5 items
      1. The Sociology of Imperialisms - Joseph Schumpeter

        Document Core (purchase required) pages 64-98

      2. Imperialism, the highest stage of capitalism: a popular outline

        Chapter Core (purchase required) Read Chapter 6, pp. 73-84. Division of the world among the great powers.

      3. If Time

      4. Imperialism: theoretical directions

        Chapter Core (purchase required) Read Chapter 2, pp. 47-63. Underconsumption and imperialism

      5. Imperialism: theoretical directions - Ronald H. Chilcote 2000

        Book Core (purchase required) chapter 3-7

    2. Seminar questions 1 item
      1.  

        1.       Schumpeter and Lenin draw antithetical conclusions concerning the relationship between capitalism and imperialism. What are the key points in each case?

         

        2.       Did European imperialism undergo a change in character from the mid-C19th to the early C20th? If so, what brought about this change?

    3. Further reading 28 items
      1. Theories of imperialism 24 items
        1. Theories of imperialism: war, conquest and capital

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp. 6-24. America's first capitalist theory of capitalist imperialism.

        2. Theories of imperialism: war, conquest and capital - Norman Etherington 1984

          Book Recommended reading Esp. chs. 4, 6-8, 12, 13

        3. Marxist theories of imperialism: a critical survey

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 2, pp. 25-57. Marx

        4. Marxist theories of imperialism: a critical survey - Anthony Brewer 1990

          Book Recommended reading esp. chs 4-6, 7.4, 7.5, 8, 10.6

        5. Imperialism and world economy - Nikolaæi Bukharin 1972

          Book Recommended reading

        6. Reconsidering Theories of Imperialism - Norman Etherington 02/1982

          Article Recommended reading

        7. Hobson Revisited - Harvey Mitchell 07/1965

          Article Recommended reading

        8. Between state capitalism and globalisation: the collapse of the East German economy

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 1, pp 21-50, The Geopolitics of Capitalism in Marxist Theory.

        9. Between state capitalism and globalisation: the collapse of the East German economy - Gareth Dale 2004

          Book Recommended reading ch 2.

        10. International relations theory: realism, pluralism, globalism, and beyond - Paul R. Viotti, Mark V. Kauppi c1999

          Book Recommended reading pp. 476-531.

        11. The political economy of imperialism: critical appraisals

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 4, pp 85-109, Hobson's Imperialism: Its Historical Validity and Contemporary Relevance.

        12. The political economy of Marx - Michael Charles Howard, J. E. King 1985

          Book Recommended reading

        13. Ultra-imperialism - Karl Kautsky 1970

          Article Recommended reading Karl Kautsky (1970 [1914]) ‘Ultra-imperialism’, New Left Review, 59.

        14. Imperialism: a study - J. A. Hobson 1938

          Book Recommended reading

        15. Imperialism: the highest stage of capitalism : a popular outline - Vladimir Il§ich Lenin, Norman Lewis, James Malone 1996

          Book Recommended reading Also available on the internet

        16. Imperialism and social classes - Joseph A. Schumpeter, Paul M. Sweezy 1951

          Book Recommended reading

        17. Imperialism without colonies

          Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 2, pp. 35-65. The new imperialism.

        18. Imperialism without colonies - Harry Magdoff c2003

          Book Recommended reading chs. 3-4

        19. Imperialism and internationalism in the discipline of international relations - David Long, Brian C. Schmidt 2005

          Book Recommended reading J.A. Hobson on the International Government of the ‘Lower Races’

        20. Imperialism and internationalism in the discipline of international relations - David Long, Brian C. Schmidt 2005

          Book Recommended reading Peter Wilson (2005) ‘Leonard Woolf’s Theory of Economic Imperialism’,

        21. Hobson and imperialism: radicalism, new liberalism, and finance 1887-1938 - P. J. Cain 2002

          Book Recommended reading

        22. A turn to empire: the rise of imperial liberalism in Britain and France - Jennifer Pitts 2006

          Book Recommended reading

      2. World order 4 items
        1. International organization and industrial change: global governance since 1850 - Craig Murphy 1994

          Book Recommended reading

        2. Myths of empire: domestic politics and international ambition - Jack L. Snyder 1991

          Book Recommended reading

        3. The empire project: the rise and fall of the British world-system, 1830-1970 - John Darwin 2009

          Book Recommended reading ‘Part II: “The Great Liner is Sinking

  28. Seminar Fifteen: Empires, racism and ‘race’ 16 items
    1. Core viewing 4 items
      1. Racism: A History Wednesday, 26 Sep 2007

        Audio-visual document Core (purchase required)

      2. Racism: A History Thursday, 27 Sep 2007

        Audio-visual document Core (purchase required)

      3.  

        It is avaliable on 'BOB'. Go to:  https://www.brunel.ac.uk/life/library/FindingInformation/Databases Click on B. Scroll down for Box of Broadcasts and click on title (pink link). You need to register and confirm your Brunel email address when you first access the site. It will ask "Where are you from?" on subsequent visits to the site. Start typing Brunel. Select Brunel University and click GO. Click on Search and type in Racism: a history (you can include the colon). Narrow by date as the search facility produces too many results otherwise. Under Search options select September 01 2007 and end date September 30 2007. Click Search. You should see 12 results. The episodes you require are at the top.

    2. Seminar questions 1 item
      1.  

        1.       What is 'race,' and what is 'racialisation'?

         

        2.       In what sense, if any, is racism the offspring of transatlantic slavery?

    3. Further reading 11 items
      1. Race and racism in international relations: confronting the global colour line - Alexander Anievas, Nivi Manchanda, Robbie Shilliam 2015 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended reading

      2. Racialization: studies in theory and practice

        Chapter Recommended reading Read Chapter 2, pp 51-68, Historical and Contemporary Modes of Racialization.

      3. The Racist Dawn of Capitalism - Peter James Hudson 2016

        Article Recommended reading

      4. Racism: a beginner's guide - Alana Lentin 2008

        Book Recommended reading

      5. Race over empire: racism and U.S. imperialism, 1865-1900 - Eric Tyrone Lowery Love 2004

        Book Recommended reading

      6. Race and empire - Jane Samson 2005

        Book Recommended reading

      7. White world order, black power politics: the birth of American international relations - Robert Vitalis 2017

        Book Recommended reading

  29. Seminar Sixteen. (i) Legacies of Empire. (ii) Theorising contemporary international order 36 items
    1. Legacies of Empire 3 items
      1. Core reading 2 items
        1. Britain: The Empire that Never Was - Kojo Koram, Kerem Nisancioglu 31 October 2017

          Webpage Core (purchase required)

        2. The EU is a doomed empire - Wolfgang Streeck May 2019

          Article Core (purchase required)

      2. Seminar questions 1 item
        1.  

          ·         Is Brexit better described as the dream of imperialists or the escape from European empire?

           

          ·         In what ways does today's world political and economic order carry the stamp of empires? Consider, for example, the global political architecture, forms of racialisation, economic relations, migration flows, asylum policy. [For these, see further reading, below.]

    2. Theorising contemporary international order 3 items
      1. Core reading 2 items
      2. Seminar questions 1 item
        1.  

          ·         Is twenty-first century world order best understood using the concept 'imperialism,' 'globalisation,' or 'hegemony'?

           

          ·         Is US global power in decline? What evidence supports your answer?

           

          ·         In what respects does China's power projection resemble that of the USA?

           

          ·         Which of the following alternative models offers the best prospect for maintaining global order in the 21st century?

           

          • a unipolar system with a more openly 'imperial' US;

           

          • a hegemonic order in which the US and its close allies manage world affairs, leading to the gradual surrender of aspects of state sovereignty to supranational organisations;

           

          • a condominium between the US and China to manage world affairs;

           

          • the diffusion of sovereign authority to market actors, supranational organisations and civil society groups;

           

          • none of the above.

    3. Legacies of Empire: Further reading 11 items
      1. Asylum after empire: colonial legacies in the politics of asylum seeking - Lucy Mayblin 2018

        Book Recommended reading

      2. Islamophobia and the politics of empire - Deepa Kumar 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended reading

      3. Racism, class and the racialized outsider - Satnam Virdee 2014

        Book Recommended reading

      4. Empires in world history: power and the politics of difference - Jane Burbank, Frederick Cooper c2010

        Book Recommended reading

      5. The poisoned well: empire and its legacy in the Middle East

        Chapter Recommended reading Whole book recommended but particularly the Epilogue, pp 197-205.

      6. Enough of aid – let’s talk reparations - Jason Hickel 27/11/2015

        Article Recommended reading

      7. Lisbon museum plan stirs debate over Portugal's colonial past - Jenny Barchfield 16/09/2018, Mon 17 Sep 2018

        Article Recommended reading

    4. Theorising contemporary international order: Further reading 19 items
      1. Empire of capital - Ellen Meiksins Wood 2005

        Book Recommended reading chpt 1.

      2. Orientalism - Edward W. Said 2003

        Book Recommended reading

      3. Globalization or empire? - Jan Nederveen Pieterse 2004

        Book Recommended reading

      4. The American empire and the fourth world - Tony Hall 2005, c2003

        Book Recommended reading

      5. The Post Modern State - Robert Cooper September 15, 2006

        Article Recommended reading

      6. Geopolitical economy: after US hegemony, globalization and empire - Radhika Desai cc2013

        Book Recommended reading

      7. here

      8. Historical capitalism

        Chapter Recommended reading Whole book recommended but especially read Chapter 1, pp 30-40, The Commodification of Everything: Production of Capital.

      9. Dependent accumulation and underdevelopment - Andre Gunder Frank c1979

        Book Recommended reading

      10. Theories of development: capitalism, colonialism and dependency

        Chapter Recommended reading Read chapter 4, pp. 111-145. Dependency, unequal exchange and underdevelopment.

      11. Theories of development: capitalism, colonialism and dependency - Jorge Larraâin 1989

        Book Recommended reading chapters 5-6

      12. The wretched of the earth - Frantz Fanon 1990

        Book Recommended reading

      13. The Rediscovery of Imperialism. - Foster, John Bellamy 2002

        Article Recommended reading

      14. Force and Consent - Perry Anderson 2002

        Article Recommended reading

      15. The new imperialism - David Harvey 2003

        Book Recommended reading

      16. Imperialism: theoretical directions - Ronald H. Chilcote 2000

        Book Recommended reading Humanities Press, chs 18-25, 27, 29, 30.

      17. The fall of the US empire: global fault-lines and the shifting imperial order - Vassilis Fouskas, Bèulent Gèokay 2012

        Book Recommended reading

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