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  1. Core reading list 

    This modular/study/assessment block is in part based around notions and/or material that can be found in the core text(s) listed below. It is therefore likely that you will use, or refer to, in your lecture/seminar sessions the notions and/or material in the books listed here. You will likely be directed to study aspects of these texts in your out-­of-­classroom time, that is, in your private study.

    Readings 

    Students are expected to read ALL CORE READINGS (2-­3 per lecture, available on Blackboard Learn) in preparation for the lecture. Individual students may be called upon and asked to summarize and discuss the relevance of each core reading at the beginning of the seminar. Students are also encouraged to read the Supplementary Readings for the lecture and seminar (available electronically through Talis Aspire, or in the library).

    Key Course Text

    No single book can adequately cover all aspects of the anthropology of education and learning. However, the following is a selection of texts that cover core aspects of this subject matter. Students are encouraged to consider these throughout the course. 

  2. General Reading Suggestions: Anthropology of Learning 11 items
    1. The culture of education - Jerome S. Bruner 1996

      Book Recommended reading

    2. The anthropology of learning in childhood - David F. Lancy, John C. Bock, Suzanne Gaskins c2010

      Book Recommended reading

    3. Situated learning: legitimate peripheral participation - Jean Lave, Etienne Wenger 1991

      Book Recommended reading

    4. The give and take of everyday life: language socialization of Kaluli children - Bambi B. Schieffelin 1990

      Book Recommended reading

    5. Transformations: the anthropology of children's play - Helen B. Schwartzman 1978

      Book Recommended reading

    6. The roads of Chinese childhood: learning and identification in Angang - Charles Stafford 1995

      Book Recommended reading

    7. Mind in society: the development of higher psychological processes - L. S. Vygotskiæi, Michael Cole 1978

      Book Recommended reading

    8. Learning to labor: how working class kids get working class jobs - Paul E. Willis 1981

      Book Recommended reading

  3. General Reading Suggestions: Anthropology of Education 8 items
    1. Anthropologies of education: a global guide to ethnographic studies of learning and schooling - Kathryn M. Anderson-Levitt 2012

      Book Recommended reading

    2. Reproduction in education, society and culture - Pierre Bourdieu, Jean-Claude Passeron 1990

      Book Recommended reading

    3. Contemporary research in the sociology of education - John Eggleston 1974

      Book Recommended reading

    4. The cultural production of the educated person: critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice - Bradley A. Levinson, Douglas E. Foley, Dorothy C. Holland 1996

      Book Recommended reading

    5. A companion to the anthropology of education 2011 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended reading

    6. From child to adult: studies in the anthropology of education - John Middleton 1976

      Book Recommended reading

  4. Key Journals 8 items
    (available electronically, through the Library website http://www.brunel.ac.uk/services/library):
    1. Journal of studies in international education

      Journal Other reading The Journal of the Association for Studies in International Education

  5. Lecture 1: Anthropology of Education and Learning: History and Theory (Jan 16, Week 17) 40 items
    This introductory lecture provides a historical and theoretical overview of the relationship between anthropology, education and learning. It examines and unpacks the notion of ‘education’ as it has been used and understood, historically, popularly and within the discipline of anthropology. It also introduces some of the critical theories that have underpinned anthropological perspectives on learning, and place these theories within wider theoretical debates in anthropology
    1. Core Readings 3 items
      1. The Routledge international handbook of learning - Peter Jarvis, Mary H. Watts 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential reading Read: Anthropology and Learning - Peggy Froerer

      2. Explaining the origins and expansion of mass education - John Boli, Francisco O. Ramirez, John W. Meyer 1985

        Article Essential reading

      3. Children's engagement in the world: sociocultural perspectives - Suzanne Gaskins

        Chapter Essential reading read chapter 2, pp. 25-61, Children's daily lives in a Mayan village: acase study of culturally constructed roles and activities

    2. Supplementary Readings - Anthropology of Education 15 items
      1. Sociology of education: an A-to-Z guide - James Ainsworth, ProQuest (Firm) 2013 (electronic resource)

        Book Other reading

      2. The culture of education - Jerome S. Bruner 1996

        Book Other reading

      3. On anthropology and education: retrospect and prospect - Lambros Comitas, Janet Dolgin 1978

        Article Other reading

      4. Sociology of education today - Jack Demaine 2001

        Book Other reading Read chapter ‘Introduction: Research in Sociology of Education Today’

      5. Contemporary theories in the sociology of education - Jack Demaine 1981

        Book Other reading

      6. Schooling the symbolic animal: social and cultural dimensions of education - Bradley A. Levinson 2000

        Book Other reading Read: The Education of the Samoan Child - Margaret Mead

      7. From child to adult: studies in the anthropology of education - John Middleton 1976

        Book Other reading Read chapters by Mead, Fortes, and Firth.

      8. Education and cultural process: anthropological approaches - George Spindler c1987

        Book Other reading

      9. The anthropology of learning - Harry F. Wolcott 1982

        Article Other reading

    3. Supplementary Readings - Anthropology of Learning 22 items
      1. Patterns of culture - Ruth Benedict c1989

        Book Other reading

      2. Outline of a theory of practice - Pierre Bourdieu, Richard Nice 1977

        Book Other reading Read p. 72-95.

      3. An introduction to Vygotsky - Harry Daniels c2005

        Book Other reading

      4. Personality and the cultural construction of society: papers in honor of Melford E. Spiro - David K. Jordan, Marc J. Swartz, Melford E. Spiro c1990

        Book Other reading Read: Culture and personality: a false dichotomy - Roy G D’Andrade

      5. The anthropology of teaching and learning - Catherine Pelissier 1991

        Article Other reading

      6. The principles of genetic epistemology - Jean Piaget, Wolfe Mays 1972

        Book Other reading

      7. Socialization: the approach from social anthropology - Philip Mayer, Association of Social Anthropologists of the Commonwealth 1970

        Book Other reading Read: Socialisation and contemporary British Anthropology - Audrey I Richards

      8. Selected writings of Edward Sapir in language, culture and personality - Edward Sapir, David G. Mandelbaum 1949

        Book Other reading Read chapters ‘The unconscious patterning of behaviour in society’ and ‘The emergence of the concept of personality in a study of cultures’

      9. Language socialization - Bambi B. Schieffelin, Elinor Ochs 1986

        Article Other reading

      10. Cognitive consequences of formal and informal education - Sylvia Scribner, Michael Cole 1973

        Article Other reading

      11. Mind, materiality and history: explorations in Fijian ethnography - Christina Toren 1999 (electronic resource)

        Book Other reading Toren C. (1999) ‘Introduction: mind, materiality and history

      12. Acquiring culture: cross cultural studies in child development - Gustav Jahoda, I. M. Lewis 1989

        Book Other reading Read: Universal cooperative motives: how infants begin to know the language and culture of their parents - C Trevarthen

      13. Mind in society: the development of higher psychological processes - L. S. Vygotskiæi, Michael Cole 1978

        Book Other reading

      14. Vygotsky and the social formation of mind - James V. Wertsch c1985

        Book Other reading

      15. The anthropology of learning - Harry F. Wolcott 1982

        Article Other reading

  6. Lecture 2: Learning, identity and social difference (Jan 23, Week 18) 27 items
    This lecture considers how identification and social difference is learned and constructed. Focus is on the processes whereby children come to identify themselves with particular communities (e.g., with families, lineages, villages, friendship groups, schools, nations) on the one hand, and how children learn about and engage with social difference, on the other.
    1. Core Readings 4 items
      1. Youth cultures: a cross-cultural perspective - Vered Amit, Helena Wulff 1995

        Book Essential reading Read Chapter 7: "The waltz of sociability: Intimacy, dislocation and friendship in a Quebec high school" by V. Amit-Talai. pp. 144-165

      2. The cultural production of the educated person: critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice - Bradley A. Levinson, Douglas E. Foley, Dorothy C. Holland 1996

        Book Essential reading Levinson, Bradley A. (1996) ‘Social Difference and Schooled Identity at a Mexican Secundaria

      3. Youth cultures in the age of global media 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential reading Read Alexander, P. (2014) ‘Learning to Act Your Age: ‘age imaginaries’ and media consumption in an English secondary school’

    2. Supplementary Readings 23 items
      1. Ethnic groups and boundaries: social organization of culture difference - Fredrik Barth 1969

        Book Other reading Read Introduction

      2. Linguistic anthropology: a reader - Alessandro Duranti c2009

        Book Other reading Baquedano-Lopez, P. 2009. Creating social identities through doctrina narratives

      3. Contesting culture: discourses of identity in multi-ethnic London - Gerd Baumann 1996

        Book Other reading

      4. The political life of children - Robert Coles 1986

        Book Other reading

      5. Children's engagement in the world: sociocultural perspectives - Suzanne Gaskins

        Chapter Other reading read chapter 2, pp. 25-61, Children's daily lives in a Mayan village: acase study of culturally constructed roles and activities

      6. Introduction: children's interethnic relations in everyday life - beyond institutional contexts - V. P. Huber, S. Spyrou 01/08/2012

        Article Other reading This is the Introduction to the excellent Special Issue on Children’s Interethnic Relations. Do have a look at all the articles, especially Christou and Spyrou, Hecht, Cangia, and Huber

      7. Childhood identities: self and social relationships in the experience of the child - Allison James c1993

        Book Other reading Especially Chapter 1

      8. 'We are not French!': language, culture and identity in Brittany - Maryon McDonald 1989

        Book Other reading

      9. Becoming Tongan: an ethnography of childhood - Helen Morton Lee c1996

        Book Other reading

      10. Under one roof: on becoming a Turk in Sweden - Judith Narrowe 1998

        Book Other reading

      11. Making sense of hierarchy: cognition as social process in Fiji - Christina Toren 1990

        Book Other reading

      12. Anthropology and the riddle of the Sphinx: paradoxes of change in the life course - Paul Spencer 1990

        Book Other reading Read: Interpreting life texts and negotiating life courses: youth, ethnicity and culture - Paul Yates

      13. Pierre Bourdieu and literacy education - James Albright, Allan Luke 2008

        Book Other reading Read: Social hierarchies and identity politics - Jessica Zacher (p. 252-278)

  7. Lecture 3: Learning, Culture and Cognition (Jan 30, Week 19) 28 items
    Why should theories of learning consider both culture and cognition? In anthropology, a wide range of models and theories of cognition have influenced thinking and approaches to learning and knowledge. While there is consensus that both ‘nature’ and ‘culture’ play a role in human learning, debates concern how much may be attributed to cognitive predispositions and how much may be said to be determined by our socio-cultural environment. This week explores a variety of approaches to learning and knowledge in cognitive anthropology, and engages critically with ideas and models from conceptual and methodological perspectives.
    1. Core Readings 2 items
      1. Questions of anthropology

        Chapter Essential reading Read chapter 9, pp. 227-247, What happens after death?

    2. Supplementary Readings 26 items
      1. Anthropological theory today - Pascal Boyer

        Chapter Other reading Read chapter 6, pp 206-233, Human cognition and cultural evolution

      2. Religion explained: the human instincts that fashion gods, spirits and ancestors - Pascal Boyer 2002

        Book Other reading

      3. Essays on cultural transmission - Maurice Bloch 2005

        Book Other reading Read esp. chapter 2

      4. Essays on cultural transmission - Maurice Bloch 2005

        Book Other reading Read esp. chapters 5 & 7.

      5. Anthropology of knowledge - Emma Cohen 05/2010

        Article Other reading

      6. The development of cognitive anthropology - Roy G. D'Andrade 1995

        Book Other reading

      7. The interpretation of cultures: selected essays

        Chapter Other reading Read Chapter 3, pp 55-83, The growth of culture and the evolution of mind.

      8. Review: The inside story - Lawrence A. Hirschfield 2000

        Article Other reading

      9. Cognition in the wild - Edwin Hutchins c1995

        Book Other reading

      10. The debated mind: evolutionary psychology versus ethnography - Tim Ingold

        Chapter Other reading Read chapter 4, pp 113-153, From the transmission of representations to the education of attention.

      11. Explaining culture: a naturalistic approach - Dan Sperber 1996

        Book Other reading

      12. A cognitive theory of cultural meaning - Claudia Strauss, Naomi Quinn, American Anthropological Association 1997

        Book Other reading

      13. Mind, materiality, and history: essays in Fijian ethnography - Christina Toren 1999

        Book Other reading Read esp. 'Introduction'

      14. The debated mind: evolutionary psychology versus ethnography - Harvey Whitehouse 2001

        Book Other reading

      15. Modes of religiosity: a cognitive theory of religious transmission - Harvey Whitehouse c2004 (electronic resource)

        Book Other reading

  8. Lecture 4 Learning, Language and Knowledge (Feb 6, Week) 21 items
    Language is heralded as the most important, uniquely human cognitive ability. From a conceptual point of view, language is often understood as a metaphor for the structure of thought and cognition, and words as metaphors for the building blocks of knowledge, ‘concepts’. From a practical point of view, it is often assumed that knowledge is adequately conveyed in verbal statements. This week explores the relation of language to knowledge. Might there be different forms of knowledge (e.g. expressed in practical skills and in verbalised form)? What might the relation between different forms of knowledge be (one of translation, interpretation, perfect representation)? These are particularly important questions in an anthropology of learning, since they have implications for the methods we use, who we consider to be ‘knowledgeable’, how we understand learning to proceed and knowledge to be transmitted and expressed, and how we represent different expressions of knowledge
    1. Core Readings 2 items
      1. How we think they think: anthropological approaches to cognition, memory, and literacy

        Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 2, pp. 22-38, What goes without saying: the conceptualization of Zafimaniry Society

    2. Supplementary Readings 19 items
      1. An anthropology of knowledge - Fredrik Barth 02/2002

        Article Other reading

      2. Essays on cultural transmission - Maurice Bloch 2005

        Book Other reading

      3. Linguistic anthropology: a reader - Alessandro Duranti c2009

        Book Other reading

      4. Directions in cognitive anthropology - J. B. Gatewood

        Chapter Other reading Read Chapter 9, pp. 199-219, Actions speak louder than words

      5. The perception of the environment: essays on livelihood, dwelling and skill - Tim Ingold 2000

        Book Other reading Particularly: Part III: Skill, pp. 289-420;

      6. The perception of the environment: essays on livelihood, dwelling and skill - Tim Ingold 2000

        Book Other reading Chapter 22 pp. 392-405

      7. Knowledge of the body - Michael Jackson 1983

        Article Other reading

      8. Metaphors we live by - George Lakoff, Mark Johnson 1980

        Book Other reading

      9. Roots of Human Sociality - Stephen C. Levinson

        Chapter Other reading Read chapter 1, pp 39-69, On the human ‘interaction engine'

      10. The meaning of meaning: a study of the influence of language upon thought and of the science of symbolism - C. K. Ogden, I. A. Richards, Bronislaw Malinowski, F. G. Crookshank 1949

        Book Other reading Read: The problem of meaning in primitive societies - B Malinowski

      11. Negotiating local knowledge: power and identity in development - Johan Pottier, Alan Bicker, Paul Sillitoe 2003

        Book Other reading Read chapter 'A possible explanation of the lack of explanation; or why the master builder can’t explain what he knows' - T. Marchand (p.30-50)

      12. Ways of knowing: anthropological approaches to crafting experience and knowledge - Mark Harris 2007

        Book Other reading Read: Crafting knowledge: the role of 'parsing and production' in the communication of skill-based knowledge among masons - T. Marchand

      13. Collected papers [of] Gilbert Ryle: Volume 2: Collected essays, 1929-1968

        Chapter Other reading Read Chapter 15, pp 212-225, Knowing how and knowing that.

      14. Language, thought, and reality: selected writings - Benjamin Lee Whorf (1956)

        Book Other reading

  9. Feb 8, Week 21: Effective Learning Week – NO LECTURE 0 items
    Use this week for extending your reading, making notes and (if relevant) examination revision
  10. Lecture 5: Learning, Education and Apprenticeship (Feb 20, Week 22) 29 items
    Apprenticeship usually refers to a certain ‘traditional’ way of learning, involving a one-to-one relationship between master and student, and geared towards the learning of techniques that are specific to a certain trade. It is often contrasted with schooling, which takes place in large groups of students, and teaches abstract thinking that can be applied to a range of situations. In this lecture we consider several anthropological approaches to apprenticeship that have aimed at criticising this dichotomy between ‘informal’ and ‘formal’ education. We will focus on Lave and Wenger’s proposal to consider apprenticeship as a model to understand a wide range of learning contexts. We also consider different ethnographic studies and through these explore types of learning and teaching that take place and the role of wider social learning environments
    1. Core Readings 3 items
      1. Learning in likely places: varieties of apprenticeship in Japan - Jacquetta F. Hill, David W. Plath

        Chapter Essential reading Read Chapter 12, pp. 211-225, Moneyed knowledge: How women become commercial shellfish divers

    2. Supplementary Readings 26 items
      1. Understanding practice: perspectives on activity and context - Seth Chaiklin, Jean Lave 1996

        Book Other reading Esp. Introduction and chapters by Hutchins, Engetrom, and Keller and Keller

      2. Apprenticeship: from theory to method and back again - Michael William Coy c1989

        Book Other reading

      3. From craft to industry: the ethnography of proto-industrial cloth production - Esther N. Goody 2009

        Book Other reading

      4. International Handbook on Research into professional and practice-based learning - S. Billett 2013

        Book Other reading Gowlland, G., 2013. Apprenticeship as a model for learning in and through professional practice

      5. Japanese sense of self - Dorinne Kondo

        Chapter Other reading Read chapter 3, pp. 40-66, Multiple selves: The aesthetics and politics of artisanal identities

      6. Situated learning: legitimate peripheral participation - Jean Lave, Etienne Wenger 1991

        Book Other reading ch 1

      7. Situated learning: legitimate peripheral participation - Jean Lave, Etienne Wenger 1991

        Book Other reading chapter 2

      8. Apprenticeship in critical ethnographic practice - Jean Lave 2011

        Book Other reading

      9. Minaret building and apprenticeship in Yemen - Trevor Hugh James Marchand 2012

        Book Other reading

      10. Schooling and skipperhood: the development of dexterity - Gísli Pálsson, Agnar Helgason 1998

        Article Other reading

      11. Apprenticeship in Western India - Edward Simpson 2006

        Article Other reading

      12. Learning in likely places: varieties of apprenticeship in Japan - John Calhoun Singleton 1998

        Book Other reading

      13. Learning to weave; weaving to learn ... what? - Soumhya Venkatesan 05/2010

        Article Other reading

  11. Lecture 6: Education, Schooling and Literacy (Feb 27, Week 23) 43 items
    What is the role of schools in ‘education’ and why is ‘education’ so commonly collapsed with ‘schooling’? And what is the impact of literacy on education and culture? This lecture begins with a discussion of ‘formal’ education and the role that schools play in the reproduction of culture. After considering the cultural specificity of school systems and their role in reproducing society and their underlying structures, we turn to ‘non-school’ education, examining the learning and teaching processes of different cultures. We will note how ‘indigenous education’ differs from ‘formal’ or ‘school’ education and how distinct forms of pedagogy relate to different ideas of what constitutes knowledge. We then turn to the relationship between literacy, learning and education. We will consider arguments about the cognitive effects of literacy. We will then examine the effects of the introduction of literacy and education in a number of different societies and consider the distinct uses to which it has been put.
    1. Core Readings 2 items
      1. The cultural production of the educated person: critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice - Bradley A. Levinson, Douglas E. Foley, Dorothy C. Holland 1996

        Book Essential reading Rival, L. (1996) ‘Formal schooling and the production of modern citizens in the Ecuadorian Amazon

    2. Supplementary Readings: Schooling 15 items
      1. The cultural production of the educated person: critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice - Bradley A. Levinson, Douglas E. Foley, Dorothy C. Holland 1996

        Book Other reading Read: Behind Schedule: Batch-Produced Children in French and U.S. Classrooms - K Anderson-Levitt

      2. How we think they think: anthropological approaches to cognition, memory, and literacy

        Chapter Other reading Read Chapter 11, pp. 171-192, The uses of schooling and literacy in a Zafimaniry Village.

      3. Explaining the origins and expansion of mass education - John Boli, Francisco O. Ramirez, John W. Meyer 1985

        Article Other reading

      4. Reproduction in education, society and culture - Pierre Bourdieu, Jean-Claude Passeron 1990

        Book Other reading

      5. Educational failure and working class white children in Britain - Gillian Evans c2006

        Book Other reading

      6. Linguistic anthropology: a reader - Alessandro Duranti c2009

        Book Other reading Heath, S. 2009. What no bedtime story means: narrative skills at home and school

      7. World expansion of mass education, 1870-1980 - John W. Meyer, Francisco O. Ramirez, Yasemin Nuhoḡlu Soysal 1992

        Article Other reading

      8. Children's places: cross-cultural perspectives - Karen Fog Olwig, Eva Gull²v 2003

        Book Other reading See particularly Eva Gulløv and Laura Hammond’s articles.

      9. Schooling, knowledge, and power: social transformation in the Solomon Islands - Karen Ann Watson-Gegeo, David Welchman Gegeo 1992

        Article Other reading

      10. Learning to labor: how working class kids get working class jobs - Paul E. Willis 1981

        Book Other reading

    3. Supplementary Readings: Literacy 11 items
      1. The consequences of literacy - Jack Goody, Ian Watt 1963

        Article Other reading

      2. Studies in cognitive growth: a collaboration at the Center for Cognitive Studies - Jerome S. Bruner, Rose R. Olver, Patricia Marks Greenfield, Harvard University 1966

        Book Other reading

      3. Cross-cultural approaches to literacy - Don Kulick, Christopher Stroud

        Chapter Other reading Read Chapter 1, pp 30-61, Conceptions and uses of literacy in a Papua New Guinean Village.

      4. Literacy without schooling: testing for intellectual effects - Harvard University. Faculty of Education, Sylvia Scribner, Michael Cole 12/1978

        Article Other reading

      5. The psychology of literacy - Sylvia Scribner, Michael Cole 1981

        Book Other reading

      6. Literacy in theory and practice - Brian V. Street 1984

        Book Other reading

    4. Supplementary Readings: ‘Non-school' Education 15 items
      1. Wisdom sits in places

        Chapter Other reading Read Chapter 2, pp. 37-70, Stalking with stories

      2. Growing up in a culture of respect: child rearing in highland Peru

        Chapter Other reading Read Chapter 4, pp 82-108, The Many Faces of Learning.

      3. Making history: Pukapukan and anthropological constructions of knowledge

        Chapter Other reading Read Chapter 3, pp 74-105, Acquiring traditional knowledge, Pukapukan ways of knowing, Part 1.

      4. We, the Tikopia: a sociological study of kinship in primitive Polynesia - Raymond Firth 1983

        Book Other reading Education in Tikopia

      5. Children's engagement in the world: sociocultural perspectives - Artin Gèoncèu 1999

        Book Other reading Read: Children's daily lives in a Mayan village: a case study of culturally constructed roles and activities - S Gaskins

      6. Children's engagement in the world: sociocultural perspectives - Artin Gèoncèu 1999

        Book Other reading See articles by Gaskins, Gauvin and Guberman

      7. Schooling the symbolic animal: social and cultural dimensions of education - Bradley A. Levinson 2000

        Book Other reading Read: The Education of the Samoan Child - Margaret Mead (Originally Chapter 2 in Mead, M. Coming of Age in Samoa)

      8. Becoming Tongan: an ethnography of childhood - Helen Morton Lee c1996

        Book Other reading chapter 4

      9. Becoming Tongan: an ethnography of childhood - Helen Morton Lee c1996

        Book Other reading Chapter 5

      10. From child to adult: studies in the anthropology of education - John Middleton 1976

        Book Other reading See particularly articles by Mead, Fortes, Firth and Raum

      11. Natural History Press. [See particularly articles by Mead, Fortes, Firth and Raum]

         

         

      12. Cognitive consequences of formal and informal education - Sylvia Scribner, Michael Cole 1973

        Article Other reading

  12. Lecture 7: Education, Class and Inequality (Mar 6, Week 24) 26 items
    This lecture discusses how issues of social inequality – especially as they relate to education – have been of interest to anthropologists since almost the beginnings of the discipline. We will examine some of the core theories on the relationship between class and education and look at ethnographic case studies that illustrate these issues. Although much of the focus of this kind of analysis has been in ‘West’, other ethnographic case studies from outside the ‘West’ will also be discussed for comparative purposes
    1. Core Readings 3 items
    2. Supplementary Readings 18 items
      1. Education: culture, economy and society - A. H. (Albert Henry) Halsey 1997

        Book Other reading Read: Class Pedagogies: Visible and Invisible - B. Bernstein

      2. The idea of natural inequality and other essays - André Béteille 1983

        Book Other reading Read: The idea of natural inequality

      3. Education: culture, economy and society - A. H. (Albert Henry) Halsey 1997

        Book Other reading Read: The Forms of Capital - P. Bourdieu, pp. 46-57.

      4. Reproduction in education, society and culture - Pierre Bourdieu, Jean-Claude Passeron 1990

        Book Other reading

      5. Contemporary research in the sociology of education - Pierre Bourdieu

        Chapter Other reading Read pp.32-46, The school as a conservative force: scholastic and cultural inequalities.

      6. The state nobility: elite schools in the field of power - Pierre Bourdieu, Lauretta C. Clough 1996

        Book Other reading

      7. Learning to leave: the irony of schooling in a coastal community - Michael John Corbett c2007

        Book Other reading

      8. Educational failure and working class white children in Britain - Gillian Evans c2006

        Book Other reading

      9. Reproducing difference? Schooling, jobs, and empowerment in Uttar Pradesh, India - Craig Jeffrey, Patricia Jeffery, Roger Jeffery 12/2005

        Article Other reading

      10. Educational regimes in contemporary India - Radhika Chopra, Patricia Jeffery, Helmut Reifeld, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (New Delhi, India) 2005

        Book Other reading Read: Social inequalities and the privatisation of secondary schooling in north India - C Jeffery, P Jeffery, R Jeffery

      11. The reproduction of class in Canada's elite independent schools - James D. Maxwell, Mary Percival Maxwell 1995

        Article Other reading

      12. The cultural production of the educated person: critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice - Bradley A. Levinson, Douglas E. Foley, Dorothy C. Holland 1996

        Book Other reading Read ‘Formal Schooling and the Production of Modern Citizens in the Ecuadorian Amazon’ by Rival, L. (1996)

      13. Learning to labor: how working class kids get working class jobs - Paul E. Willis 1981

        Book Other reading

      14. Ain't no makin' it: aspirations and attainment in a low-income neighborhood - Jay MacLeod 2004

        Book Other reading

    3. Supplementary Readings: Recommended Introductory Readings on Bourdieu 5 items
      1. An introduction to the work of Pierre Bourdieu: the practice of theory - Richard K. Harker, Cheleen Mahar, Chris Wilkes 1990

        Book Other reading See especially chapter 4 on ‘Education and Reproduction’ and chapter 5 on ‘Class’

      2. Bourdieu: critical perspectives - Pierre Bourdieu, Craig J. Calhoun, Edward Lipuma, Moishe Postone 1993

        Book Other reading

      3. Pierre Bourdieu: key concepts - Michael Grenfell 2012

        Book Other reading See especially chapter 3

      4. Pierre Bourdieu: key concepts - Michael Grenfell 2012

        Book Other reading See especially chapters 5, 6

      5. Bourdieu and education: acts of practical theory - Michael Grenfell, David James 1998

        Book Other reading See especially chapters 4-7

  13. Lecture 8: Education, Race and Gender (March 13, Week 25) 44 items
    Linking to the previous week’s lecture, this week will focus on gender, race and ethnicity as important categories of distinction within educational settings. We will begin with a consideration of wider anthropological discussions of race, ethnicity and gender before examining these categories in relation to educational experience, access and exclusion, and attainment. We will also look at how issues related to race and gender intersect with each other, and with other economic and social differences.
    1. Core Readings 4 items
      1. Masculinity and aspiration in the era of neoliberal education: international perspectives - Garth Stahl 2017

        Book Essential reading Coming of Age Through The Recession: High School Imaginings of Post-Recession Futures in London and New York City’

    2. Supplementary Readings: Race and Ethnicity 23 items
      1. Making and molding identity in schools: student narratives on race, gender, and academic engagement - Ann Locke Davidson 1996

        Book Other reading

      2. Anthropology goes inside: the new educational ethnography of ethnicity and gender - Douglas A. Foley, Bradley A. Levinson, Janise Hurtig 2001

        Article Other reading

      3. Race and racism in the experiences of black male resident assistants at predominantly white universities - Shaun R. Harper, Ryan J. Davis, David E. Jones, Brian L. McGowan 2011

        Article Other reading

      4. The citizen factory: schooling and cultural production in Bolivia - Aurolyn Luykx 1999

        Book Other reading

      5. Race, identity, and representation in education - Cameron McCarthy 2005

        Book Other reading

      6. Ethnicity, race, and nationality in education: a global pespective - Nobuo Shimahara, Ivan Z. Holowinsky, Saundra Tomlinson-Clarke 2001

        Book Other reading

      7. Race, nature and culture: an anthropological perspective - Peter Wade 2002

        Book Other reading See Chapter 1

      8. Race, nature and culture: an anthropological perspective - Peter Wade 2002

        Book Other reading chapter 2

      9. Class, race, and gender in American education - Lois Weis 1988

        Book Other reading

    3. Supplementary Readings: Gender and Education 17 items
      1. Education, cultures, and economics: dilemmas for development - Fiona E. Leach, Angela Little 1999

        Book Other reading Farah, I. and Bacchus, K. (1999) ‘Educating Girls in Pakistan: Tensions between economics and culture’ in F. Leach and A. Little (eds.) Education, Cultures and Economics: Dilemmas for Development. New York: Falmer Press

      2. Gender play: girls and boys in school - Barrie Thorne 1993

        Book Other reading

      3. Education, cultures, and economics: dilemmas for development - Fiona E. Leach, Angela Little 1999

        Book Other reading Farah, I. and Bacchus, K. (1999) ‘Educating Girls in Pakistan: Tensions between economics and culture’ in F. Leach and A. Little (eds.) Education, Cultures and Economics: Dilemmas for Development. New York: Falmer Press.

      4. Bourdieu and education: acts of practical theory - Michael Grenfell, David James 1998

        Book Other reading Read chapter:‘Cultural Reproduction: mothers’ involvement in their children’s primary schooling’ by Reay, Diane (1998) (p. 55-71) and (see especially ethnographic chs. 4-­7)

      5. Education: culture, economy and society - A. H. (Albert Henry) Halsey 1997

        Book Other reading Weiner, G., Arnot, M. and David, M. (1997) ‘Is the Future Female? Female success, male disadvantage, and changing gender patterns in education’ in Halsey, A.H. et al., Education: Culture, Economy and Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  14. Lecture 9: Education, Nation-­Building and the ‘Hidden Curriculum’ (March 20, Week 26) 36 items
    This lecture is an exploration of the relationship between education, the state and nation-building. We begin with an examination of two key concepts: ‘nation’ and ‘nationalism’. We then consider the need for a contextualised understanding of education as part of the nation-building process, using comparative case studies that centre around ideas of ‘citizenship’ and the state to illustrate. We will also look at the concept of the ‘hidden curriculum’ and its application to nation building, and consider differing understandings of ‘education’ and ‘schooling’ in different national contexts.
    1. Core Readings 4 items
      1. Manufacturing citizenship: education and nationalism in Europe, South Asia and China - Véronique Bénéï 2005

        Book Essential reading Caddell, M. (2005) ‘‘Discipline makes the nation great’: Visioning development and the Nepali nation-state through schools’. In Benei, V. (ed.) Manufacturing Citizenship: Education and Nationalism in Europe, South Asia and China, p 76-103. London, Routledge.

    2. Supplementary Reading 32 items
      1. Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism - Benedict R. O'G. Anderson 1991 (electronic resource)

        Book Other reading

      2. Culture and pedagogy: international comparisons in primary education - Robin J. Alexander c2000

        Book Other reading

      3. Ideology and curriculum - Michael W. Apple 1979

        Book Other reading

      4. Education and power - Michael W. Apple 1995

        Book Other reading

      5. Comparative education: the dialectic of the global and the local - Robert F. Arnove, Carlos Alberto Torres, Stephen Franz, ProQuest (Firm) 2013 (electronic resource)

        Book Other reading Arnove, Robert F., Stephen Franz, Marcela Mollis, and Carlos Alberto Torres. (1999) ‘Education in Latin America at the End of the 1990s’ in Robert F. Arnove and Carlos A. Torres (eds.). Comparative Education: The Dialectic of the Global and the Local. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc

      6. Manufacturing citizenship: education and nationalism in Europe, South Asia and China - Véronique Bénéï 2005

        Book Other reading Bénéï, V. (2005) ‘Introduction: Manufacturing citizenship – Confronting public spheres and education in contemporary worlds’ in Bénéï, V. (ed.) Manufacturing Citizenship: Education and Nationalism in South Asia and China. London: Routledge. (pg. 1-36)

      7. Explaining the origins and expansion of mass education - John Boli, Francisco O. Ramirez and John W. Meyer Boli, Francisco O. Ramirez, John W. Meyer 1985

        Article Other reading

      8. Education in Modern South Asia - Krishna Kumar, Joachim Oesterheld 2006

        Book Other reading Caddell, M. (2006) ‘Education and Change: A Historical Perspective on Schooling, Development and the Nepali Nation-State’.

      9. Comparative and international research in education: globalisation, context and differences - Michael Crossley, Keith Watson 2003

        Book Other reading

      10. On what is learned in school - Robert Dreeben c1968

        Book Other reading

      11. Moral education: a study in the theory and application of the sociology of education - Émile Durkheim, Everett K. Wilson, Herman Schnurer 1961

        Book Other reading

      12. Ethnicity and nationalism: anthropological perspectives - Thomas Hylland Eriksen 2010

        Book Other reading Read esp. chapters 6 & 7.

      13. Dumbing us down: the hidden curriculum of compulsory schooling - John Taylor Gatto c1992

        Book Other reading

      14. Theory and resistance in education: a pedagogy for the opposition - Henry A. Giroux 1983

        Book Other reading

      15. Pierre Bourdieu and literacy education - James Albright, Allan Luke 2008

        Book Other reading Grant, Rachel A. and Wong, Shelly D. (2008) Critical race perspectives, Bourdieu and Language Education’, p. 162-184.

      16. Lessons in being Chinese: minority education and ethnic identity in Southwest China - Mette Halskov Hansen c1999

        Book Other reading

      17. Comparison of hidden curriculum theories - Fulya Damla Kentli 2009

        Article Other reading

      18. Political agenda of education: a study of colonialist and nationalist ideas - Krishna Kumar 2005

        Book Other reading

      19. The cultural production of the educated person: critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice - Bradley A. Levinson, Douglas E. Foley, Dorothy C. Holland 1996

        Book Other reading Levinson, Bradley A. (1996) Social Difference and Schooled Identity at a Mexican Secondaria. In Levinson, B. et al (eds.) The Cultural Production of the Educated Person. New York: SUNY Press.

      20. Ethnography and education policy across the Americas - Bradley A. Levinson, International Symposium on Ethnographic Educational Research 2002

        Book Other reading

      21. The citizen factory: schooling and cultural production in Bolivia - Aurolyn Luykx 1999

        Book Other reading

      22. The cultural production of the educated person: critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice - Bradley A. Levinson, Douglas E. Foley, Dorothy C. Holland 1996

        Book Other reading Luykx, A. (1996) ‘From Indios to Profesionales: Stereotypes and student resistances in Bolivian teacher training’ in Levinson, B., Foley, D. and Holland, D. (eds.), The Cultural Production of the Education Person: Critical Ethnographies of Schooling and Local Practice. New York: SUNY.

      23. The hidden curriculum: reproduction in education, a reappraisal - Kathleen Lynch 1989

        Book Other reading

      24. The hidden curriculum in higher education 2001

        Book Other reading

      25. Manufacturing citizenship: education and nationalism in Europe, South Asia and China - Véronique Bénéï 2005

        Book Other reading Mohammad-Arif, A. (2005) ‘Textbooks, Nationalism and History Writing in India and Pakistan’ in Bénéï, V. (ed.) Manufacturing Citizenship: Education and Nationalism in South Asia and China. London: Routledge.

      26. Manufacturing citizenship: education and nationalism in Europe, South Asia and China - Véronique Bénéï 2005

        Book Other reading Osler, A. 2005. Citizenship, diversity and equality in English schools. In (ed.) V. Bénéï Manufacturing citizenship: education and nationalism in Europe, South Asia and China, 195-209. London: Routledge.

      27. The cultural production of the educated person: critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice - Bradley A. Levinson, Douglas E. Foley, Dorothy C. Holland 1996

        Book Other reading Rival, L. (1996) ‘Formal schooling and the production of modern citizens

      28. Learning to labor: how working class kids get working class jobs - Paul E. Willis 1981

        Book Other reading

  15. Lecture 10: Anthropology of Education and Learning – Review Symposium (Mar 27, Week 27) 0 items
    So what now? Is it useful to talk about an anthropology of ‘education and learning’? What might anthropologists contribute to the study of learning and education? And how does the anthropology of education and learning offer insight into broader enduring anthropological concerns? In this final session, which will take the form of a critical symposium, students will be asked to reflect on the anthropological debates that have arisen in the course of these discussions. In preparation for this session, it will be helpful to review the lecture slides and revisit ALL core readings across the term.
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